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Table 2 Risk of obstetrics, perinatal and neonatal complications among study groups

From: Obstetric and perinatal outcomes of singleton pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive technology complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study

Variables ART
(n = 125)
ART-GDM
(n = 135)
SC-GDM
(n = 152)
SC
(n = 162)
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), n (%) 10 (8.0) 25 (19.1) 16 (10.7) 4 (2.5)
OR (95% CI) 3.41 (1.04–11.15)* 9.26 (3.13–27.36)* 4.69 (1.53–14.36)* Ref. group
Adjusted OR (95% CI) 3.46 (1.02–11.68)* 7.04 (2.24–22.15)* 4.12 (1.31–12.89)* Ref. group
Preeclampsia, n (%) 7 (5.6) 15 (11.5) 7 (4.7) 2 (1.2)
OR (95% CI) 4.72 (0.96–23.11) 10.28 (2.31–45.83)* 3.89 (0.80–19.04) Ref. group
Adjusted OR (95% CI) 5.29(1.03–27.09)* 7.78(1.62-37.47)* 2.80 (0.56–14.10) Ref. group
Antepartum hemorrhage (APH), n (%) 11 (8.8) 21 (16.0) 11 (7.3) 6 (3.7)
OR (95% CI) 2.49 (0.90–6.94) 4.93 (1.93–12.62)* 2.04 (0.74–5.67) Ref. group
Adjusted OR (95% CI) 2.24 (0.78–6.40) 3.46 (1.28–9.33)* 1.80 (0.63–5.14) Ref. group
Emergency Cesarean Section, n (%) 29 (23.2) 51 (39.2) 32 (21.8) 24 (15.1)
OR (95% CI) 1.70 (0.93–3.10) 3.63 (2.08–6.35)* 1.57 (0.87–2.81) Ref. group
Adjusted OR (95% CI) 1.24 (0.67–2.32) 2.64 (1.43–4.88)* 2.01 (1.09–3.73)* Ref. group
  1. GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, SC spontaneous conception, ART assisted reproductive technology, PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
  2. OR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  3. OR were adjusted for maternal age, parity and pre-pregnancy BMI
  4. Ref. means reference group
  5. *P < 0.05 was considered significant