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Table 3 Comparison of quality of life weights and quality-adjusted life days in women with vaginal birth and cesarean section within the first month postpartum

From: Postpartum quality of life in Indian women after vaginal birth and cesarean section: a pilot study using the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system

  Vaginal birth Cesarean section
All No episiotomy Episiotomy
Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI)
QOL weight
 0–3 days postpartum 0.57 (0.52, 0.61) 0.68 (0.6, 0.75) 0.51 (0.46, 0.56) 0.28 (0.18, 0.38)
 3–7 days postpartum 0.81 (0.78, 0.84) 0.9 (0.87, 0.93)a 0.76 (0.73, 0.8) 0.59 (0.51, 0.67)
 21–30 days postpartum 0.93 (0.92, 0.94) 0.96 (0.95, 0.98)a 0.92 (0.9, 0.93) 0.85 (0.82, 0.89)
QALDs (1–21 days postpartum) 16.6 (16.2, 17.0) 18.0 (17.5, 18.5) 16.0 (15.5, 16.4) 13.1 (12.0, 14.2)
N 178 58 120 46
  1. QALDs quality-adjusted life days, QOL quality of life
  2. Two-sample t-tests and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests indicate significant differences in the means and distributions of the QOL weights and QALDs in the following comparisons: all vaginal births vs. cesarean section, no episiotomy vs. episiotomy, no episiotomy vs. cesarean section, and episiotomy vs cesarean section; P < 0.001. QOLs weights increased significantly with the time passed since birth in each of the four birth groups distinguished; P < 0.001 for all comparisons between visits, except for the following comparison: a P = 0.04