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Table 2 Comparison of problems by EQ-5D health dimension in women with vaginal birth and cesarean section within the first month postpartum

From: Postpartum quality of life in Indian women after vaginal birth and cesarean section: a pilot study using the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system

Health dimension Problem level 0–3 days postpartum 3–7 days postpartum 21–30 days postpartum
VB (%) CS (%) P VB (%) CS (%) P VB (%) CS (%) P
Mobility No problems 24.7 4.3 < 0.001 53.4 39.1 0.004 93.3 93.5 0.75
Slight problems 48.3 17.4   39.3 39.1   5.6 6.5  
Moderate problems 11.2 4.3   6.2 13.0   1.1   
Severe problems 5.1 34.8   1.1 2.2     
Unable to 10.7 39.1   0.0 6.5     
Self-care No problems 23.0 2.2 < 0.001 69.7 23.9 < 0.001 96.1 91.3 0.18
Slight problems 52.2 32.6   27.0 50.0   3.9 8.7  
Moderate problems 1.7 17.4   1.7 0.0     
Severe problems 0.6 6.5   0.0 0.0     
Unable to 22.5 41.3   1.7 26.1     
Usual activities No problems 20.8 19.6 0.01 60.1 28.3 < 0.001 95.5 80.4 0.001
Slight problems 46.6 23.9   35.4 39.1   3.9 19.6  
Moderate problems 8.4 10.9   1.1 8.7     
Severe problems 1.1 6.5   1.1    0.6   
Unable to 23.0 39.1   2.2 23.9     
Pain or discomfort No 27.0 28.3 0.008 47.8 28.3 0.04 92.1 89.1 0.28
Slight 48.9 30.4   39.3 47.8   5.6 10.9  
Moderate 21.3 26.1   11.8 23.9   2.2   
Severe 2.2 13.0   1.1      
Extreme 0.6 2.2        
Anxiety or depression No 82.6 73.9 0.51 88.2 91.3 0.83 96.6 97.8 0.51
Slight 15.2 23.9   9.0 6.5   2.2   
Moderate 0.6    1.7 2.2   1.1 2.2  
Severe 1.7 2.2   1.1      
Extreme          
N   178 46   178 46   178 46  
  1. VB vaginal birth, CS cesarean section