Skip to main content

Table 9 Rate of successful vaginal birth and low Apgar scores compared to hospital studies of pVBB

From: Breech birth at home: outcomes of 60 breech and 109 cephalic planned home and birth center births

Source Country, dates Type of study # of pVBB Vaginal birth rate 5-min Apgar < 7
Breech group USA, 2010–2017 single center retro. 50 84.0% 7.5%a
TBT 2000 International, 1997–2000 multi center RCT 1042 56.7% 3.0%
PREMODA 2006 France & Belgium, 2001–2002 multi center pros. 2526 71.0% 1.48%
Vlemmix 2014 Netherlands, 1999–2007 registry retro. 27,817 58.7% 2.2%
Vistad 2015 Norway, 1991–2011 registry retro. 17,500 64.0% 2.4%
Burgos 2015 Spain, 2003–2012 single center retro. 891 57.5% 2.2%
Louwen 2017 Germany, 2004–2011 single center retro. 433 62.1% 2.5%
  1. a Completed OOH births only—data not available for hospital transfers
  2. retro. = retrospective
  3. pros. = prospective