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Table 3 Rates of adverse perinatal outcomes among planned home and hospital births

From: Planned private homebirth in Victoria 2000–2015: a retrospective cohort study of Victorian perinatal data

  Planned low risk at home Planned low risk in hospital p Value
n = 3202 n = 701,058
Stillbirth 2 (0.62 per 1000) 906 (1.29 per 1000) 0.29
Neonatal death 3 (0.94 per 1000) 262 (0.37 per 1000) 0.10
Perinatal Mortality 5 (1.6 per 1000) 1168 (1.7 per 1000) 0.90
Admission to SCN 58 (1.8%) 58,303 (8.3%) < 0.001
Admission to NICU 14 (0.4%) 1721 (0.2%) 0.03
Apgar< 7 @ 5 min 29 (0.9%) 8739 (1.2%) 0.08
HIE 0 (0%) 133 (0.2%) 0.44
Birth Traumaa 46 (1.4%) 46,502 (6.6%) < 0.001
Intrauterine hypoxia 47 (1.5%) 40,760 (5.8%) < 0.001
Other perinatal morbidityb 8 (0.3%) 1113 (0.2%) 0.20
Composite Morbidity 115 (3.6%) 94,094 (13.4%) < 0.001
  Planned high risk at home Planned high risk in hospital p Value
n = 755 n = 131,726
Stillbirth 3 (4 per 1000) 370 (2.8 per 1000) 0.55
Neonatal Death 4 (5.3 per 1000) 97 (0.74 per 1000) < 0.001
Perinatal Mortality 7 (9.3 per 1000) 467 (3.5 per 1000) 0.009
Admission to SCN 33 (4.4%) 17,995 (13.7%) < 0.001
Admission to NICU 12 (1.6%) 555 (0.4%) < 0.001
Apgar< 7 @ 5 min 18 (2.4%) 2390 (1.8%) 0.24
HIE 1 (0.13%) 42 (0.03%) 0.13
Birth Traumaa 23 (3.1%) 10,056 (7.6%) < 0.001
Intrauterine hypoxia 24 (3.2%) 8714 (6.6%) < 0.001
Other perinatal morbidityb 3 (0.4%) 287 (0.2%) 0.29
Composite Morbidity 59 (7.8%) 22,223 (16.9%) < 0.001
  1. aBirth trauma includes brachial plexus injury, fractured clavicle or humerus
  2. bOther perinatal morbidity includes meconium aspiration syndrome, congenital pneumonia or respiratory distress syndrome