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Table 2 Resource use and costs during pregnancy among PTL/PTB Mothers

From: Short and long-term costs among women experiencing preterm labour or preterm birth: the German experience

  Resource use Direct Medical Cost (Euros)
N with at least one use (%) Mean Median (IQR)
Outpatient care 1066 984 (752–1274)
 GP visit (in at least one quarter) 1330 (62.0) 75 35 (0106)
 Gynaecologist visit (in at least one quarter) 1841 (85.8) 616 619 (409815)
 Specialista visit (in at least one quarter) 2014 (93.8) 375 188 (96480)
 Laboratory test 2125 (99.0) 61 34 (1473)
 Diagnostic test 1649 (76.8) 45 17 (348)
 Pregnancy/labour procedure 2131 (99.3) 675 638 (501818)
 Therapeutic procedureb 924 (43.0) 41 0 (015)
 Preventive procedureb 2103 (98.0) 24 30 (733)
 Basic procedureb 2136 (99.5) 221 183 (110285)
 Prescribed medications 1590 (74.1) 188 36 (12107)
Inpatient carec 1084 0 (0–1483)
 All-cause hospitalisation 1030 (48.0)   
 Pregnancy procedure 9 (0.4)   
 Diagnostic test 62 (2.9)   
 Therapeutic procedure 115 (5.4)   
Other servicesd 587 398 (42–817)
 Remedies 99 (4.6) 6 0 (00)
 Medical devices 537 (25.0) 29 0 (00)
 Midwife services 1126 (52.5) 335 43 (0540)
 Driving services 482 (22.5) 128 0 (00)
 Other 575 (26.8) 89 0 (016)
Total Costs   2925 2130 (1280–3594)
  1. Including zero costs (insurant without resource)
  2. aSpecialist visit is defined as any physician group excluding GP and gynaecologist
  3. bExamples of therapeutic procedures: Infusion, substitute assisted treatment for opiate addicts, verbal intervention in psychosomatic disease states; examples of preventative procedures: basic services for specialists, cytological examination (cancer screening), examination for early detection of cancer in women; examples of basic procedures include: personal physician-patient contact, shipping for materials, transport and transfer results, charge for dispatch of transport letters/ written materials
  4. cCosts for each individual resource was not available, as costs were estimated based on DRG codes
  5. dNote that other services include: Remedies (e.g., physiotherapy, massage, manual therapy, occupational therapy); Medical devices (e.g., measurement devices, medical devices, inhalation devices); Midwife services (e.g., antenatal preparation, home visits after birth); Driving services (e.g., ambulance service, patient transportation); Other (e.g., household help, home care necessary for medical treatment)
  6. Abbreviations: GP general practitioner; IQR interquartile range, PTB preterm birth, PTL preterm labour