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Table 1 Participant characteristics and associations with ANC registration

From: “Well, not me, but other women do not register because...”- Barriers to seeking antenatal care in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV among Zimbabwean women: a mixed-methods study

Characteristics N (%) n/N (%) Registered for ANC Odds ratio (95% CI) p
Age
 16–24 141 (47.8) 107/141 (75.9) 1  
 25–30 86 (29.1) 60/86 (69.8) 0.73 (0.40–1.34) 0.07
 30+ 68 (23.0) 58/68 (85.3) 1.84 (0.85–4.00)
Education
 Did not reach O Level 79 (26.4) 54/79 (68.4) 1  
 Reached O Level 220 (73.6) 175/220 (79.5) 1.80 (1.01–3.20) 0.05
Food security
 Food secure 217 (73.1) 173/217 (79.7) 1  
 Food insecure 80 (26.9) 54/80 (67.5) 0.53 (0.30–0.94) 0.03
Income
 Earns own income 90 (30.2) 64/90 (71.1) 1  
 No personal income 208 (69.8) 164/208 (78.8) 1.51 (0.86–2.66) 0.15
Marital Status
 Married 267 (89.3) 212/267 (79.4) 1  
 Divorced 20 (6.7) 7/20 (35.0) 0.14 (0.05–0.37) < 0.001
 Single& widowed 12 (4.0) 10 (83.3) 1.30 (0.28–6.09)
Husband Income
 Earns income 245 (91.8) 196/245 (80.00) 1  
 No income 22 (8.2) 16/22 (72.7) 0.67 (0.25–1.79) 0.42
Financial support
 No support 50 (16.7) 32/50 (64.0) 1  
 Has support 249 (83.3) 197/249 (79.1) 2.13 (1.11–4.10) 0.02
 Household income (continuous, unit = $10)    1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.008
Number of children
 1 99 (33.1) 79/99 (79.8) 1  
 2 91 (30.4) 70/91 (76.9) 0.84 (0.42–1.69) #0.83
 3 60 (20.1) 43/60 (71.7) 0.64 (0.30–1.35)
 4 31 (10.4) 23/31 (74.2) 0.73 (0.28–1.87)
 5+ 18 (6.0) 14/18 (77.8) 0.89 (0.26–2.99)
Whether any children died
 No 273 (91.3) 206/273 (75.5) 1  
 Yes 26 (8.7) 23/26 (88.5) 2.49 (0.73–8.57) 0.15
History of miscarriage
 Yes 39 (13.1) 34/39 (87.2) 1  
 No 259 (86.9) 194/259 (74.9) 0.44 (0.16–1.17) 0.1
Whether pregnancy was planned
 No 145 (48.5) 101/145 (69.7) 1  
 Yes 154 (51.5) 128/154 (83.1) 2.14 (1.24–3.72) 0.007
  1. #Score test for trend p = 0.42