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Table 4 Odds Ratio of women, 5 years preceding the survey, giving births at home instead of any health facility

From: Decision-making for birth location among women in Pakistan: evidence from national survey

Indicators Model-1 Model-2 Model-3 Model-4
  LR Test:
P-value = 0.000
LR Test:
P-value =0.000
LR Test:
P-value = 0.000
LR Test:
P-value = 0.000
Education of Woman (No education)R
 Primary 0.492*** (0.425,0.571) 0.503*** (0.434,0.583) 0.513*** (0.442, 0.595) 0.686*** (0.585,0.805)
 Secondary 0.261*** (0.224,0.304) 0.270*** (0.231,0.314) 0.277*** (0.273, 0.323) 0.445*** (0.375, 0.527)
 Higher 0.108***(0.083,0.139) 0.109*** (0.084,0.141) 0.110*** (0.085, 0.142) 0.206***(0.157,0.271)
Education of Husband (No education)R
 Primary 0.726*** (0.619,0.852) 0.734*** (0.625,0.861) 0.743*** (0.633,0..873) 0.855*(0.722,1.013)
 Secondary 0.616*** (0.540, 0.702) 0.633*** (0.554,0.723) 0.635*** (0.556,0.725) 0.694*** (0.602, 0.799)
 Higher 0.521***(0.442,0.616) 0.542***(0.458,0.640) 0.538*** (0.455,0.636) 0.644*** (0.537,0.773)
Decision of woman’s medical treatment (Others)R
 Self 0.834*** (0.750,0.926) 0.824*** (0.741,0.917) 0.809*** (0.726,0.900) 0.812*** (0.731, 0.919)
Woman Occupation (No work)R
 Agriculture   1.656*** 1.325,2.069) 1.648*** (1.319,2.060) 1.556*** (1.224,1.979)
 Sales   1.177* (0.976,1.421) 1.157 (0.958,1.397) 1.256** (1.030,1.532)
 Others   0.977(0.776,1.230) 0.975 (0.774,1.228) 1.167 (0.913, 1.491)
Age (15–24)R
 25–34    1.777** (1.035,1.339) 1.249*** (1.091,1.4302)
 35–49    1.236*** (1.061,1.440) 1.353*** (1.152,1.588)
Economic Status (Poor)R
 Middle     0.723*** (0.620,0.843)
 Rich     0.441*** (0.371, 0.525)
Region (Punjab)R
 Sindh     0.456***(0.386, 0.538)
 KPK     1.103 (0.938,1.297)
 Baluchistan     2.565***(2.118,3.107)
 GB     0.761** (0.613,0.943)
Residence (Urban)R
 Rural     1.323*** (1.156,1.513)
Transport Availability (Problem)R
     0.852**(0.738,0.984)
Travelling Alone (Problem)R
     0.826***(0.732,1.037)
 Constant 2.432*** 2.274*** 1.983*** 1.947***
 Hosmer-Lemeshow test (P-value) 0.513 0.172 0.259 0.319
  1. *10% level of significance;**5% level of significance; ***1% level of significance
  2. () Confidence Interval at 95% level of significance