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Table 5 EPMM Phase II Core Indicators Harmonized with Other Monitoring Efforts

From: Ending preventable maternal mortality: phase II of a multi-step process to develop a monitoring framework, 2016–2030

Indicator SDGs GS CD
 Presence of laws and regulations that guarantee women aged 15-49 access to sexual and reproductive health care, information, and education  
 Gender Parity Index (GPI)    
 Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce, and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex  
 Presence of protocols/policies on combined care of mother and baby, immediate breastfeeding, and observations of care    
 Maternity protection in accordance with ILO Convention 183   
 International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes   
 Costed implementation plan for maternal, newborn, and child health   
 Midwives are authorized to deliver basic emergency obstetric and newborn care   
 Legal status of abortion  
 Proportion of women aged 15-49 who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use, and reproductive health care  
 Geographic distribution of facilities that provide basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care (EmOC)    
 Presence of a national set of indicators with targets and annual report to inform annual health sector reviews and other planning cycles   
 Maternal death review coverage   
 Percentage of total health expenditure spent on reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health   
 Out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure on health  
 Annual reviews are conducted of health spending from all financial sources, including spending on RMNCH, as part of broader health sector reviews    
 Health worker density and distribution (per 1000 population)  
 Coverage of essential health services    
 If fees exist for health services in the public sector, are women of reproductive age (15-49) exempt from user fees for [MH-related health] services    
 Demand for family planning satisfied through modern methods of contraception    
 Availability of functional emergency obstetric care (EmOC) facilities    
 Density of midwives, by district (by births)    
 Percentage of facilities that demonstrate readiness to deliver specific services: family planning, antenatal care, basic emergency obstetric care, and newborn care    
 Civil registration coverage of cause of death (percentage)   
 Presence of a national policy/strategy to ensure engagement of civil society organization representatives in periodic review of national programs for maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (MNCAH)   
Stratifiers: Equity    
 Wealth   
 Area of residence: urban/rural   
 Area of residence: geographic region   
 Level of education: women’s education level   
 Age   
Stratifier: Transparency    
 Available in the public domain    
  1. SDGs Sustainable Development Goals
  2. GS Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016-2030)
  3. CD Countdown to 2015