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Table 2 Opportunity to detect malignancy during pregnancy

From: Malignancy during pregnancy in Japan: an exceptional opportunity for early diagnosis

Malignancy during pregnancy number of cases (%)
Cervical cancer (n = 162)
 screening Pap cytology 149 (92.0%)
 abnormal vaginal bleeding 11 (6.8%)
 abnormal vaginal discharge 1 (0.6%)
 abdomino-pelvic pain 1 (0.6%)
Ovarian cancer (n = 16)
 ultrasonography (routine prenatal care) 10 (62.5%)
 incidental (during cesarian section) 3 (18.8%)
 abdominal distension 2 (12.5%)
 abnormal lymphadenopathy 1 (6.3%)
Breast cancer (n = 14)
 self-detection of a palpable mass 13 (92.9%)
 health care screening 1 (7.1%)