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Table 3 Outcome of pregnancies with different maternal cardiac anomaly

From: A single-center experience with 12 consecutive cases of pregnancy among patients with membranous ventricular septal aneurysm

Parameter of anomaly Number.of case
(Fetal/maternal)
Prematurity SGA Fetal death Neonatal death Maternal death
Total, n (%) 13/12 7 (58.3%) 2 (15.4%) 1 (7.7%) 2 (15.4%) 1 (8.3%)
Size of VSA
  < 10 mm 2/2 1 (50%) 0 0 0 0
 10–15 mm 5/5 4 (80%) 0 0 0 0
  > 15 mm 6/5 2 (40%) 2 (33.3%) 1 (16.7%) 2 (33.3%) 1 (16.7%)
Defect of VSA
 Intact 5/4 1 (25%) 1 (20%) 1 (20%) 1 (20%) 0
  ≤ 5 mm 4/4 3 (75%) 0 0 0 0
  > 5 mm 4/4 3 (75%) 1 (25%) 0 1 (25%) 1 (25%)
LVSD
 Normal 12/11 7 (63.6%) 2 (16.7%) 0 2 (16.7%) 1 (8.3%)
 Dysfunction 1/1 0 0 1 (100%) 0 0
NYHA-FC
 I–II 3/3 1 (33.3%) 0 0 0 0
 III–IV 10/ 9 6 (66.7%) 2 (20%) 1 (10%) 2 (20%) 1 (10%)
PH
 None 6/5 3 (60%) 1 (16.7%) 0 1 (16.7%) 0
 Mild 3/3 1 (33.3%) 0 1 (33.3%) 0 0
 Moderate 3/3 2 (66.7%) 0 0 0 0
 Severe 1/1 1 (100%) 1 (100%) 0 1 (100%) 1 (100%)
Congenital abnormality
 None 5/4 2 (50%) 1 (20%) 1 (20%) 1 (20%) 0
 VSD 7/7 5 (71.4%) 1 (14.3%) 0 1 (14.3%) 1 (14.3%)
 PDA 1/1 0 0 0 0 0
Valve condition
 Normal 4/4 3 (75%) 0 0 0 0
 TR 4/4 2 (50%) 1 (25%) 0 1 (25%) 1 (25%)
 MR 1/1 1 (100%) 0 0 0 0
 TR + MR 4/3 1 (33.3%) 1 (25%) 1 (25%) 1 (25%) 0
Arrhythmia
 None l 5/5 3 (60%) 0 0 0 0
 Sinus tachycardia 4/4 2 (50%) 0 0 0 0
 I°AVB 1/1 0 0 1 (100%) 0 0
 IRBBB 1/1 1 (100%) 1 (100%) 0 1 (100%) 1 (100%)
 Sinus tachycardia + APB 2/1 1 (100%) 1 (50%) 0 1 (50%) 0
  1. NYHA-FC cardiac function grading (New York Heart Association), PH pulmonary hypertension, VSD ventricular septal defect, PDA patent ductus arteriosus, TR tricuspid regurgitation, MR mitral regurgitation, AVB atrioventricular block, IRBBB incomplete right bundle branch block, SGA Small for gestational age