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Table 1: Medical causes of stillbirths in Chandigarh Union Territory, India, 2013–14

From: Level, causes, and risk factors of stillbirth: a population-based case control study from Chandigarh, India

Cause Antepartum stillbirths
N=124
n (%)
Intrapartum stillbirths
N=57
n (%)
Total
N=181
n (%)
Foetal cause
 Congenital anomaly 23 (18.5) 11(19.3) 34 (18.8)
 Infection or chorio-amnionitis 13 (10.5) 4 (7.0) 17 (9.4)
 Foetal growth restriction/ placental insufficiency 24 (19.4) 12 (21.1) 36 (19.9)
 Other specific foetal conditions 7 (5.6) 0 (0.0) 7 (3.9)
 No conditions identified 57 (46.0) 30 (52.6) 87 (48.0)
Associated maternal condition
 Abnormal labour 0 (0.0) 9 (15.8) 9 (5.0)
 Maternal hypertension 24 (19.4) 9 (15.8) 33 (18.2)
 Maternal infection (e.g. Syphilis, Human Immuno-deficiency Virus) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6)
 Chorio-amnionitis 17 (13.7) 8 (14.0) 25 (13.8)
 Maternal diabetes 2 (1.6) 1 (1.8) 3 (1.7)
 Antepartum haemorrhage (abruption or placenta previa) 2 (1.6) 4 (7.0) 6 (3.3)
 Maternal pre-existing condition (e.g., cardiac)a 2 (1.6) 1 (1.8) 3 (1.7)
 Spontaneous preterm labour 13 (10.5) 3 (5.3) 16 (8.8)
 Other maternal specificb 2 (1.6) 2 (3.5) 4 (2.2)
 No maternal conditions identified 61 (49.2) 20 (35.0) 81(44.7)
  1. aTwo cases of cardiac disease and one case of beta-thalassemia. bThree cases of hypothyroidism and one case of ABO incompatibility.