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Table 2 Maternal report of practices of monitoring fetal movements and their perception of fetal movements during the last 2 weeks of pregnancy

From: Stillbirth is associated with perceived alterations in fetal activity – findings from an international case control study

Question Response Group Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR*
(95% CI)
P-value
Cases Controls
Total % Total %
During this pregnancy did your healthcare provider tell you about or ask you to keep track of your baby’s movement? No 79 54.9 161 41.6 Reference Reference 0.008
Yes 65 45.1 226 58.4 0.59 (0.4, 0.86) 0.55 (0.36, 0.86)
Did you keep track of your baby’s movement during this pregnancy? No 70 48.3 132 33.8 Reference Reference 0.005
Yes 75 51.7 259 66.2 0.55 (0.37, 0.8) 0.54 (0.35, 0.83)
How would you describe this baby’s usual movements? Less than average movement 14 9.59 24 6.17 1.56 (0.77, 3.18) 2.21 (0.99, 4.98) 0.054
Average movements 73 50 195 50.1 Reference Reference
Above average movements 47 32.2 134 34.5 0.94 (0.61, 1.44) 0.90 (0.56, 1.44)
Constant movement 12 8.22 36 9.25 0.89 (0.44, 1.80) 0.98 (0.55, 2.11)
Once you were aware of your baby’s usual pattern of movement, was there any time your baby’s movements were unusual? No 27 19.3 200 52.5 Reference Reference <.0001
Yes, a little bit less 35 25 96 25.2 2.7 (1.55, 4.72) 2.82 (1.52, 5.24)
Yes, significantly less 56 40 32 8.4 12.9 (7.17, 23.4) 14.13 (7.27, 27.45)
Yes, a little bit more 15 10.7 44 11.6 2.53 (1.24, 5.14) 2.61 (1.20, 5.66)
Yes, significantly more 7 5 9 2.36 5.76 (1.98, 16.7) 5.60 (1.69, 18.49)
During the last two weeks of this pregnancy, did the STRENGTH of your baby’s movements Stay the same 66 46.5 180 49.2 Reference Reference <.0001
Decrease 58 40.9 56 15.3 2.83 (1.78, 4.49) 2.53 (1.51, 4.23)
Increase 18 12.7 130 35.5 0.38 (0.21, 0.67) 0.42 (0.23, 0.78)
During the last two weeks of this pregnancy, did the FREQUENCY of your baby’s movements.... Stay the same 65 44.8 223 59.6 Reference Reference <.0001
Decrease 73 50.3 76 20.3 3.29 (2.16, 5.03) 2.97 (1.86, 4.72)
Increase 7 4.83 75 20.1 0.32 (0.14, 0.73) 0.36 (0.15, 0.85)
Did you usually feel your baby move at bedtime during this pregnancy? No 5 3.42 16 4.15 Reference Reference 0.58
Yes 141 96.6 370 95.9 1.22 (0.44, 3.39) 1.37 (0.45, 4.23)
Did you feel your baby move at bedtime on the last night of this pregnancy? No 49 39.8 23 6.67 Reference Reference <.0001
Yes 74 60.2 322 93.3 0.11 (0.06, 0.19) 0.11 (0.06, 0.21)
During the last two weeks of this pregnancy, did you notice any time that your baby was more vigorous than usual)? No 59 42.8 143 40.2 Reference Reference <.0001
Yes, once. 42 30.4 24 6.74 4.24 (2.36, 7.62) 4.30 (2.25, 8.24)
Yes, sometimes. 30 21.7 158 44.4 0.46 (0.28, 0.75) 0.44 (0.25, 0.75)
Yes, often. 7 5.07 31 8.71 0.55 (0.23, 1.31) 0.71 (0.28, 1.81)
Did you experience your baby having hiccup like movements? No 28 20 69 18.1 Reference Reference 0.09
Yes 112 80 313 81.9 0.88 (0.54, 1.43) 0.61 (0.34, 1.08)
If you noticed your baby having hiccup like movements, how long would each episode last on average? Less than 5 min 44 40.7 160 52.5 Reference Reference 0.17
5 or more than 5 min 64 59.3 145 47.5 1.60 (1.02, 2.50) 1.42 (0.86, 2.36)
If your baby experienced hiccup like movements, how often did you notice them? Once or twice throughout this pregnancy 12 11.2 59 19.3 Reference Reference 0.08
Weekly 33 30.8 113 37.1 1.43 (0.69, 2.98) 1.05 (0.48, 2.31)
Daily 62 57.9 133 43.6 2.29 (1.15, 4.56) 1.83 (0.87, 3.88)
  1. *Adjusted by maternal age, ethnicity, smoking status, BMI, parity, country of residence, gestation, placental site