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Table 1 Summary of community mobilization definitions

From: The role of Community Mobilization in maternal care provision for women in sub-Saharan Africa- A systematic review of studies using an experimental design

Citation Definition Central theme
[42] “A process of creating and harnessing the agency of the marginalized groups most vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, enabling them to build a collective, community response, through their full participation in the design, implementation and leadership of health programmes and by forging supportive partnerships with significant groups both inside and outside of the community” Campbell et al. (2010)
- Community participation
- Collaboration between community and professionals
- Identity
- Indigenous actors
[45] “Community mobilization is defined as a component of externally- triggered HIV interventions, rather than including indigenous community mobilization initiated by grassroots actors with broader interests than HIV.” Cornish et al (2014).
- Collaboration between community and professionals
[46] “A participatory approach, which involves building on local competences and strategies by ensuring that community members take part in decision- making and bring local knowledge, experiences and problems to the fore.” Tripathy et al (2012)
- Use of local knowledge
- Community participation
- Use of indigenous resources
[25] A capacity building process through which community members, groups and organizations plan, implement and evaluate on a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health or other conditions either on their own initiative or stimulated by others Howard- Grabman et al (2007)
- Local initiatives
- Capacity building
- Community participatory
[47] “Community mobilization constitutes active involvement of the community in information sharing , consultation, collaboration and empowerment strategies aimed at bringing change in communities” Rifkin (2001)
- Use of indigenous strategies
- Collaboration
- Community involvement
- Community mobilization as a process/continuum
[48] “Community mobilization is seen as health promotion intervention which helps communities to identify and undertake appropriate actions in relation to shared problems.
Further, there are two types of community mobilization strategies: community organization and building, and community advocacy. The latter assumes involving citizens in institutions or decision which have an impact on their lives”
McKenzie (2013)
- Health promotion intervention
- Cooperation for collective action
- Involvement of community
- Community advocacy
- Community support
[49] “Community mobilization is seen as a process where people come together to take action on an issue by relaying on enhanced social connectedness and efficacy or the ability to have influence and control over their situation” Watson- Thompson et al (2008)
- Peer support
- Community cooperation
[50] “Community mobilization is defined as individuals taking action organized around specific community issues. It involves community empowerment, community participation, capacity- building, community coalitions, community organization and development” Kim- Ju et al (2008)
- Community involvement - empowerment,
- Capacity- building
- Community coalitions
- Use of community resources
[51] “Low- cost, participatory, community- based approaches involving women's groups aimed at effectively improving home delivery practices and birth outcomes in a range of settings” Nahar et al (2012)
- Participatory low cost
- Community based strategies
- Use of community resources
[21] “A health promotion strategy best seen as a continuum of process which include, Community informed of decisions made, Community consultation about decisions tokenistically to gain buy in, Community’s views taken into account, Joint decision- making , and Community driven decision- making” Rosato et al (2006)
- Tokenistic
- Cooperation
- Community consultation
- Joint effort
- Support
[52] “Community mobilization is the process of engaging communities to identify community priorities, resources, needs and solutions in such a way as to promote representative participation, good governance, accountability and peaceful change” Mercy- corps (2009)
- Community engagement
- Use of Community resources
- Community priorities
- Community strategies
[19] “Actions that engage and galvanize community members to take action towards achieving a common goal” Lippman et al (2013)
- Engaging community members
- Galvanizing community members