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Table 1 Description of the sample of pregnant women from the Butantan birth cohort according to their exposure to mental disorder or to domestic violence in the last 12 months

From: The specific and combined role of domestic violence and mental health disorders during pregnancy on new-born health

  

w/ Mental Disorder

(n = 296)

no Mental Disorder

(n = 478)

w/ Abuse

(n = 205)

no Abuse

(n = 550)

Variable

Category

% (95%CI)

% (95%CI)

% (95%CI)

% (95%CI)

Paternal occupation

Non-manual

11.90 (0.08–0.16)

20.92 (17.18–24.65)**

12.11 (7.42–16.79)

19.77 (16.34–23.20)*

 

Qualified manual

18.22 (13.57–22.86)

18.30 (14.75–21.85)

17.37 (11.93–22.80)

18.62 (15.26–21.97)

 

Nonqualified manual

69.89 (64.37–75.41)

60.78 (56.30–65.27)

70.53 (63.98–77.07)

61.61 (57.42–65.80)

Family Economic Class

A + B

13.85 (9.89–17.81)

20.29 (16.67–23.91)**

18.54 (13.17–23.90)

17.82 (14.61–21.03)*

 

C

63.85 (58.35–69.35)

66.32 (62.07–70.57)

58.54 (51.74–65.34)

67.45 (63.53–71.38)

 

D + E

22.30 (17.53–27.07)

13.39 (10.33–16.45)

22.93 (17.12–28.73)

14.73 (11.76–17.70)

Maternal Schooling

< 8 year

21.62 (16.90–26.34)

17.19 (13.79–20.59)

17.56 (12.31–22.81)

19.31 (16.00–22.62)

 

8–10 years

40.20 (34.58–45.82)

37.53 (33.17–41.89)

43.42 (36.57–50.26)

36.25 (32.21–40.28)

 

11 or + years

38.18 (32.61–43.74)

45.28 (40.80–49.77)

39.02 (32.29–45.76)

44.44 (40.27–48.61)

Adolescent Childbearing

21.28 (16.59–25.97)

21.97 (18.24–25.69)

25.85 (19.81–31.90)

20.90 (17.50–24.32)

Maternal Migration

40.13 (34.50–45.77)

46.53 (42.02–51.03)

34.80 (28.21–41.40)

47.17 (42.97–51.36)**

Primipara

40.20 (34.58–45.82)

51.15 (46.65–55.66)**

40.00 (33.24–46.76)

50.46 (46.26–54.65)*

Unwanted pregnancy

29.15 (23.94–34.37)

13.24 (10.18–16.29)**

29.76 (23.44–36.07)

15.15 (12.14–18.16)**

Smoking in pregnancy

23.31 (18.47–28.16)

11.55 (8.67–14.44)**

24.39 (18.46–30.32)

12.96 (10.14–15.78)**

Drinking in pregnancy

 

10.47 (6.96–13.98)

8.60 (6.07–11.12)

15.12 (10.18–20.07)

7.10 (4.95–9.26)*

Prenatal care

Inadequate n. of visits

36.82 (31.30–42.35)

30.54 (26.40–34.69)

37.07 (30.41–43.74)

31.09 (27.21–34.97)

Gestational weight gain

Inadequate for pre gest BMI

40.50 (33.64–47.36)

45.68 (40.50–50.86)

39.44 (31.30–47.57)

45.05 (40.18–49.92)

  1. One missing data for mental disorder and 20 missing data for domestic violence; inadequate number of visits took into account the gestational age; inadequate gestational weight gain took into account the pre-gestational body mass index (IMC); * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01