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Table 1 Description of the sample of pregnant women from the Butantan birth cohort according to their exposure to mental disorder or to domestic violence in the last 12 months

From: The specific and combined role of domestic violence and mental health disorders during pregnancy on new-born health

   w/ Mental Disorder
(n = 296)
no Mental Disorder
(n = 478)
w/ Abuse
(n = 205)
no Abuse
(n = 550)
Variable Category % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI)
Paternal occupation Non-manual 11.90 (0.08–0.16) 20.92 (17.18–24.65)** 12.11 (7.42–16.79) 19.77 (16.34–23.20)*
  Qualified manual 18.22 (13.57–22.86) 18.30 (14.75–21.85) 17.37 (11.93–22.80) 18.62 (15.26–21.97)
  Nonqualified manual 69.89 (64.37–75.41) 60.78 (56.30–65.27) 70.53 (63.98–77.07) 61.61 (57.42–65.80)
Family Economic Class A + B 13.85 (9.89–17.81) 20.29 (16.67–23.91)** 18.54 (13.17–23.90) 17.82 (14.61–21.03)*
  C 63.85 (58.35–69.35) 66.32 (62.07–70.57) 58.54 (51.74–65.34) 67.45 (63.53–71.38)
  D + E 22.30 (17.53–27.07) 13.39 (10.33–16.45) 22.93 (17.12–28.73) 14.73 (11.76–17.70)
Maternal Schooling < 8 year 21.62 (16.90–26.34) 17.19 (13.79–20.59) 17.56 (12.31–22.81) 19.31 (16.00–22.62)
  8–10 years 40.20 (34.58–45.82) 37.53 (33.17–41.89) 43.42 (36.57–50.26) 36.25 (32.21–40.28)
  11 or + years 38.18 (32.61–43.74) 45.28 (40.80–49.77) 39.02 (32.29–45.76) 44.44 (40.27–48.61)
Adolescent Childbearing 21.28 (16.59–25.97) 21.97 (18.24–25.69) 25.85 (19.81–31.90) 20.90 (17.50–24.32)
Maternal Migration 40.13 (34.50–45.77) 46.53 (42.02–51.03) 34.80 (28.21–41.40) 47.17 (42.97–51.36)**
Primipara 40.20 (34.58–45.82) 51.15 (46.65–55.66)** 40.00 (33.24–46.76) 50.46 (46.26–54.65)*
Unwanted pregnancy 29.15 (23.94–34.37) 13.24 (10.18–16.29)** 29.76 (23.44–36.07) 15.15 (12.14–18.16)**
Smoking in pregnancy 23.31 (18.47–28.16) 11.55 (8.67–14.44)** 24.39 (18.46–30.32) 12.96 (10.14–15.78)**
Drinking in pregnancy   10.47 (6.96–13.98) 8.60 (6.07–11.12) 15.12 (10.18–20.07) 7.10 (4.95–9.26)*
Prenatal care Inadequate n. of visits 36.82 (31.30–42.35) 30.54 (26.40–34.69) 37.07 (30.41–43.74) 31.09 (27.21–34.97)
Gestational weight gain Inadequate for pre gest BMI 40.50 (33.64–47.36) 45.68 (40.50–50.86) 39.44 (31.30–47.57) 45.05 (40.18–49.92)
  1. One missing data for mental disorder and 20 missing data for domestic violence; inadequate number of visits took into account the gestational age; inadequate gestational weight gain took into account the pre-gestational body mass index (IMC); * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01