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Table 5 Effect of geographic origin on the mean scores for specialized care services

From: Do experiences with pregnancy, birth and postnatal care in Norway vary by the women’s geographic origin? a comparison of cross-sectional survey results

    Partly adjusteda Adjustedb
       95% CI     95% CI
  ICC Design effect Estimate Std. error Sig. Lower bound Upper bound Estimate Std. error Sig. Lower bound Upper bound
Ultrasound scan 0.02 3.17           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −1.61 1.41 .255 −4.38 1.16 −1.83 1.40 .193 −4.58 0.93
 Eastern Europe    −4.76 1.32 .000 −7.35 −2.17 −2.51 1.34 .062 −5.15 0.13
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    −7.37 1.20 .000 −9.72 −5.03 −6.51 1.22 .000 −8.89 −4.12
Personal relationships in the delivery ward 0.03 4.55           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −1.76 1.32 .185 −4.35 0.84 −1.89 1.30 .147 −4.45 0.66
 Eastern Europe    −0.72 1.21 .554 −3.10 1.66 1.23 1.22 .316 −1.17 3.62
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    −0.60 1.13 .598 −2.81 1.62 0.54 1.15 .637 −1.70 2.79
Attention to partner in the delivery ward 0.04 5.74           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −0.50 1.28 .698 −3.01 2.02 −0.50 1.28 .693 −3.01 2.00
 Eastern Europe    2.59 1.18 .028 0.27 4.90 3.63 1.19 .002 1.29 5.97
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    −4.18 1.09 .000 −6.31 −2.04 −3.40 1.11 .002 −5.58 −1.22
Resources and organization in the delivery ward 0.04 5.55           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −2.82 1.25 .023 −5.26 −0.38 −3.01 1.22 .014 −5.40 −0.62
 Eastern Europe    −0.59 1.15 .607 −2.83 1.66 1.21 1.15 .290 −1.03 3.46
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    0.51 1.06 .632 −1.57 2.59 1.56 1.07 .146 −0.54 3.65
Personal relationships during your postnatal stay 0.06 8.02           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −0.23 1.37 .864 −2.92 2.45 −0.70 1.36 .607 −3.36 1.96
 Eastern Europe    3.36 1.31 .010 0.79 5.92 4.93 1.31 .000 2.37 7.50
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    0.61 1.18 .603 −1.69 2.92 1.63 1.19 .169 −0.69 3.96
Information about women’s health during your postnatal stay 0.03 4.67           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −1.85 1.80 .304 −5.37 1.67 −2.07 1.79 .248 −5.58 1.44
 Eastern Europe    5.36 1.72 .002 1.98 8.74 7.82 1.74 .000 4.41 11.22
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    4.25 1.54 .006 1.24 7.26 4.84 1.56 .002 1.78 7.90
Information and guidance about your child during your postnatal stay 0.04 5.60           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −4.12 1.66 .013 −7.37 −0.88 −4.38 1.65 .008 −7.61 −1.14
 Eastern Europe    7.30 1.57 .000 4.21 10.38 8.23 1.58 .000 5.12 11.33
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    3.20 1.41 .023 0.43 5.97 4.09 1.43 .004 1.28 6.90
Attention to partner during your postnatal stay 0.10 12.44           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −0.85 1.61 .597 −4.00 2.30 −1.27 1.60 .425 −4.40 1.86
 Eastern Europe    6.53 1.54 .000 3.52 9.55 7.65 1.54 .000 4.63 10.68
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    −1.71 1.38 .215 −4.42 1.00 −1.32 1.40 .345 −4.07 1.42
Resources and organization during your postnatal stay 0.08 10.30           
 Norway (reference value)    - - - - - - - - - -
 Western Europe, North-America, Oceania    −0.45 1.40 .746 −3.19 2.29 −0.92 1.38 .506 −3.62 1.79
 Eastern Europe    5.96 1.34 .000 3.34 8.59 8.03 1.33 .000 5.41 10.64
 Asia, Turkey, Africa, South-America    5.05 1.20 .000 2.70 7.41 5.63 1.21 .000 3.26 7.99
  1. Scale 0–100; high scores are favourable. Two-level multiple linear regression
  2. a: Adjusted for clustering within institutions
  3. b: Adjusted for clustering within institutions and individual characteristics (age, parity, self rated health, education, epidural/spinal anaesthesia in vaginal delivery, caesarean section)