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Table 3 Participants’ mean (standard deviation) knowledge of and confidence in each station at pre- and post- IMPROVE workshop, and mean change (95% confidence interval) from pre- to post-IMPROVE workshop (Australian workshops conducted from May 2012 to October 2014; International workshops conducted from November 2013 to May 2015)

From: Evaluation of an international educational programme for health care professionals on best practice in the management of a perinatal death: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)

  Australian workshops (N = 622) International workshops (N = 65)
Station Pre- Post- Change Significancea Pre- Post- Change Significancea
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (95% CI)   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (95% CI)  
1 - Communicating Perinatal autopsy
  10.0 (2.4) 13.4 (1.4) 3.5 (3.3, 3.6) <0.001 10.3 (2.3) 13.0 (1.4) 2.7 (2.2, 3.2) <0.001
2 - Autopsy and placenta examination
  9.3 (2.6) 13.2 (1.7) 4.0 (3.8, 4.1) <0.001 9.5 (2.6) 12.7 (1.8) 3.2 (2.6, 3.9) <0.001
3 – Investigation of Perinatal Deaths
  8.5 (2.7) 13.2 (1. 6) 4.7 (4.5, 4.9) <0.001 8.8 (2.7) 12.6 (1.7) 3.8 (3.2, 4.4) <0.001
4 – Examination of baby
  8. 7 (2.7) 13.3 (1.6) 4.6 (4.4, 4.8) <0.001 9.3 (2.5) 13.1 (1.7) 3.7 (3.0, 4.5) <0.001
5 – Audit and Classification
  5.1 (1.9) 8.5 (1.1) 3.4 (3.3, 3.6) <0.001 6.2 (2.0) 8.7 (1.1) 2.5 (1.9, 3.1) <0.001
6 - Bereavement
  7.0 (1.7) 8.8 (1.1) 1.8 (1.7, 2.0) <0.001 7.2 (1.6) 8.9 (1.0) 1.7 (1.3, 2.1) <0.001
Overall 48.4 (10. 7) 72.4 (7.2) 24.0 (23.2, 24.8) <0.001 51.1 (10.4) 68.5 (6.8) 17.4 (14.6, 20.2) <0.001
  1. aSignificance assessed using paired t-tests, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval