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Table 4 Effect of complete adherence on risk of pregnancy complications

From: Provider adherence to first antenatal care guidelines and risk of pregnancy complications in public sector facilities: a Ghanaian cohort study

Complication Crude RR
95% Confidence interval
p-value aAdjusted RR
95% Confidence interval
p-value
Neonatal 0.73 (0.550.96) 0.03 0.72c (0.560.93) 0.01
Any maternal 1.01 (0.671.48) 0.97 1.00b (0.671.48) 0.99
 Antenatal 1.02 (0.701.50) 0.90 1.02b (0.691.52) 0.92
 Antenatal (non-anemia) 0.96 (0.751.23) 0.73 0.90b (0.661.22) 0.45
 PIH/pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 0.92 (0.621.37) 0.69 0.95b (0.571.58) 0.84
 Antepartum vaginal bleeding 0.45 (0.171.21) 0.11 0.48b (0.161.43) 0.19
 Malaria in pregnancy 1.05 (0.701.58) 0.80 1.02b (0.681.53) 0.92
 Delivery 0.64 (0.430.94) 0.03 0.66b (0.440.99) 0.04
 Post-partum 0.71 (0.281.77) 0.46 0.72b (0.331.59) 0.42
  1. PIH denotes pregnancy induced hypertension, RR denotes relative risk
  2. aAll RR adjusted for possible clustering effect due to sampling strategy
  3. bEstimate adjusted for marital status, employment, number of times ANC was attended, trimester of first antenatal visit, maternal age, parity and previous pregnancy complication
  4. cEstimate adjusted for marital status, employment, number of times ANC was attended trimester of first antenatal visit, maternal age, parity, previous pregnancy complication and any antenatal complication