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Table 4 Association between urinary Incontinence and selected variables among pregnant women at university of Gondar hospital, March 2014, Gondar, Ethiopia [N = 422]

From: Urinary incontinence among pregnant women, following antenatal care at University of Gondar Hospital, North West Ethiopia

Characteristics UI Crude OR [95 % C] Adjusted OR [95 % CI] P
yes No    
History of surgery None 31 311 1 1  
  Episiotomy 9 36 2.5 [1.1–5.68]* 3.9 [1.2–12.57]** 0.023
Gynecological surgery 6 16 3.7 [1.37–10.3]* 19.4 [3.2–117]** 0.001
Abdominal surgery 2 11 1.82 [0.38–8.6] 0.54 [0.4–7.28] 0.644
Constipation Never 14 222 1 1  
Rarely 5 102 0.78 [0.232.216] 0.70 [0.20–2.49] 0.592
Sometimes 16 32 7.9 [3.5–17.78]* 7.19 [2.5–19.9]** <0.001
Often 13 18 11.45 [4.7–28]* 12 [3.6–40.5]** <0.001
Parity 0 14 118 1 1  
1 9 117 0.64 [0.27–1.55] 0.43 [0.12–1.56] 0.201
2 11 71 1.3 [.56–3.033] 0.66 [0.16–2.72] 0.564
3 9 26 2.9 [1.14–7.46] 1.61 [0.38–6.88] 0.512
  ≥4 5 374 1.003 [.34–2.95] 0.6 [0.12–2.91] 0.527
Respiratory problems None 24 327 1 1  
Chronic cough/sneezing 10 26 5.24 [2.2–12.1]* 4.05 [1.5–10.5]** 0.005
Asthma/Allergies/sinusitis 14 21 7.6 [3.0–19.15]* 10.6 [3.4–33.2]** <0.001
Mode of pervious delivery None 17 144 1 1  
vaginal 4 32 1.05 [0.33–3.36] 0.6 [0.14–2.51] 0.485
instrumental 1 10 0.85 [0.11–0.70] 0.4 [0.4–4.41] 0.566
Caesarean 26 188 1.17 [0.61–2.24] 1.23 [0.14–10.9] 0.848
  1. *significant p < 0.2 1 = reference **significant p < 0.05