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Table 5 Perinatal outcomes for women who have FGM recorded and have an obstetric record at study hospital between 2006 and 2012

From: Obstetric outcomes for women with female genital mutilation at an Australian hospital, 2006–2012: a descriptive study

  FGM status FGM status  
  Type III Type I/II No Type III Type I/II No  
  n n n Rate per 100 births (95 % CI) Rate per 100 births (95 % CI) Rate per 100 births (95 % CI) P-value
Outcome
Caesarean sectiona
 Yes 16 36 1706 26.5 (16.6, 42.4) 32.9 (24.5, 44.0) 20.4 (19.5, 21.4) 0.0041
 No 49 95 7145     
Instrumental birthsa
 Yes 1 8 574 1.6 (0.2, 11.2) 6.2 (2.9, 13.1) 6.5 (6.0, 7.1) 0.36
 No 64 123 8277     
Episiotomy (excluding anterior episiotomy)
 Yes 7 17 946 10.5 (5.0, 21.8) 12.7 (7.5, 21.5) 10.9 (10.2, 11.5) 0.84
 No 58 114 7906     
3rd and 4th degree perineal tearb
 Yes 0 0 85 0.0 0.0 1.0 b
 No 65 131 8767     
Genital tract trauma
 Yes 4 2 99 6.0 (2.4, 14.8) 1.4 (0.4, 5.6) 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 0.0015
 No 61 129 8753     
Postpartum blood loss > 500 ml
 Yes 1 7 615 1.6 (0.2, 11.6) 5.6 (2.7, 11.4) 7.0 (6.5, 7.6) 0.29
 No 64 124 8237     
Low birth weight (<2500 g)a
 Yes 2 4 259 3.5 (0.9, 13.8) 3.1 (1.2, 8.1) 3.0 (2.6, 3.4) 0.97
 No 63 127 8590     
Admission to special care nursery
 Yes 6 16 616 9.0 (3.9, 20.7) 12.0 (7.5, 19.2) 7.0 (6.5, 7.6) 0.07
 No 59 115 8236     
Stillbirthc
 Yes 1 1 39 1.5 (0.2, 10.9) 0.8 (0.1, 5.3) 0.4 (0.3, 0.6) 0.41
 No 64 130 8812     
  1. aOne woman’s record had missing mode of birth and three records had missing birth weight
  2. bStatistical model could not be fitted due to small numbers
  3. cOne woman’s record had missing stillbirth indicator