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Table 5 Factors associated with primary neonatal outcome

From: Cardiotocography in breech versus vertex delivery: an examiner-blinded, cross-sectional nested case-control study

  Primary neonatal outcome     
Normal n = 199 Suboptimala n = 17 p value univariate analysis OR univariate analysis 95 % CI univariate analysis p value multivariable analysis
n % n %     
Pathological CTG trace in 3-tier FIGO classification 65 32.7 12 70.6 0.004 4.9 1.7–14.6  
Decreased variability 33 16.6 5 29.4 0.191 2.1 0.7–6.3  
Accelerations absent 31 15.6 7 41.2 0.012 3.8 1.3–10.7  
Late decelerations 14 7.0 4 23.5 0.027 4.1 1.2–14.1  
Complicated variable decelerations 104 52.3 16 94.1 0.010 14.6 1.9–112.3 0.008
Prolonged decelerations 49 24.6 6 35.3 0.337 1.7 0.6–4.8  
Vacuum extraction or emergency CS 43 21.6 5 29.4 0.460 1.5 0.5–4.5  
Primiparity 117 58.8 11 64.7 0.635 1.3 0.5–3.6  
Oxytocin augmentation 140 70.4 12 70.6 0.984 1.0 0.3–3.0  
Uterine tachysystole 35 17.6 3 17.6 0.995 1.0 0.3–3.7  
Breech presentation 95 47.7 13 76.5 0.031 3.6 1.1–11.3 0.020
  1. Legend: Trace details and other obstetrical factors and their connection to primary neonatal outcome in breech and vertex intended vaginal deliveries in a Finnish tertiary hospital, 2007–2009
  2. aCord pH ≤7.10 or Apgar score at the age of five minutes <7