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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and use of ‘108’ ambulance in different states

From: Transport of pregnant women and obstetric emergencies in India: an analysis of the ‘108’ ambulance service system data

  Telangana Andhra Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Chhattisgarh Gujarat Assam
Demographic Characteristics
Total Populationa 35,193,978 49,386,799 6,856,509 25,540,196 60,383,628 31,169,272
 Rural/tribal 61.3 % 70.4 % 90.0 % 76.8 % 57.4 % 85.9 %
 Urban 38.7 % 29.6 % 10.0 % 23.2 % 42.6 % 14.1 %
Scheduled castea 15.4 % 17.1 % 25.2 % 12.8 % 6.8 % 7.2 %
Scheduled tribea 9.3 % 5.33 % 5.7 % 30.6 % 14.8 % 12.5 %
Crude birth rate per 1000 populationb 17.5 16.2 24.5 21.1 22.5
 Rural/tribal 17.9 16.7 26.0 22.5 23.7
 Urban 16.6 11.0 18.0 18.7 15.6
Institutional delivery rate(2012–13)c 94.1 % 88.5 % 77.8 % 39.5 % -awaited- 65.9 %
MMR(2011–13)b 92 - 244 112 300
NMR(2012–13)b 25 25 31 26 27
No. of Ambulances under ‘108’d 802 171 240 506 380
Pregnancy-related 108 Calls- April 2013 to March 2014
Pregnancy related calls to ‘108’ 122,619 172,076 25,016 65,243e 261,702 Not available
Area
 Rural/tribal 74.0 % 76.5 % 80.9 % 92.8 % 88.5 % Not available
 Urban 25.9 % 23.3 % 6.2 % 7.2 % 11.5 %  
 Missing 0.2 % 0.2 % 12.9 % 0.0 % 0.0 %  
Use of ambulance
 Ambulance used 90.0 % 89.8 % 99.8 % 95.2 % 99.4 % Not available
 Ambulance not used 7.8 % 8.2 % 0.2 % 3.2 % 0.0 %  
 Ambulance not assigned 2.2 % 2.0 % 0.0 % 1.6 % 0.6 %  
  1. Source- aCensus 2011
  2. bSample Registration System 2013- Separate data for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh not available
  3. cDLHS (2012–13) / AHS (2011–12)
  4. dGVK-EMRI annual report for period April 2013- March 2014
  5. eIn Chhattisgarh ‘102’ ambulance service took over from October 2013 – March 2014