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Table 2 Associations between bacterial vaginosis and adverse outcomes among full-term infants (37 weeks or greater gestation), Washington State, 2003-2013, adjusted for gestational age, maternal age, and maternal race (N = 11,354)

From: Bacterial vaginosis and adverse outcomes among full-term infants: a cohort study

  BV exposed BV unexposed RR 95 % CI aRR 95 % CI
N = 2198 N = 9156
n % n %     
Assisted ventilation at birth 100 4.6 331 3.6 1.26 1.01–1.57 1.28 1.02–1.61
Admission to NICU at birth 89 4.1 272 3.0 1.36 1.08–1.72 1.42 1.11–1.82
Neonatal sepsis 48 2.2 126 1.4 1.59 1.14–2.21 1.60 1.13–2.27
Fetal Mortality 3 0.1 13 0.1 0.96 0.27–3.37 1.15* 0.27–4.96
Infant mortality 4 0.2 24 0.3 0.69 0.24–2.00 0.39 0.12–1.28
  1. BV bacterial vaginosis, RR risk ratio, aRR adjusted risk ratio, CI confidence interval, NICU neonatal intensive care unit
  2. *further adjusted for presence of sexually transmitted infections (syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and/or genital herpes)