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Table 1 Distribution of socio-economic status among women pregnant in past 2 years between 2008 and 2012; Distribution of socio-economic status among population sub-groups in women pregnant in past 2 years: analysis of the 2008 and 2012 national SABSSM survey

From: Growing inequities in maternal health in South Africa: a comparison of serial national household surveys

  Socio-economic Status Overall total (Unweighted N, %)
QI poorest (%) QII (%) QIII (%) QIV wealthiest (%)
2008 2012 2008 2012 2008 2012 2008 2012 2008 2012
Age categories          1111 1619**
 15 to 19 12.1 14.2 13.1 9.5 9.6 9.9 4.6 4.6 11.1 10.2
 20 to 29 50.4 50.8 48.6 57.8 52.4 55.3 51.4 50.6 50.5 54.0
 30 to 39 32.8 26.2 36.2 28.9 35.5 31.4 37.0 39.8 35.0 30.4
 40 to 55 4.7 8.8 2.1 3.8 2.4 3.5 6.9 4.9 3.4 5.3
Place of residence          1115*** 1619***
 Urban formal 7.8 11.3 27.6 27.1 82.0 76.8 95.7 89.7 43.2 45.7
 Urban informal 20.3 11.0 16.3 12.0 7.6 9.1 1.5 1.0 13.7 9.3
 Rural formal 10.9 4.8 9.7 3.1 6.3 2.9 0.3 6 8.3 3.9
 Rural informal 61.0 72.8 46.4 57.8 4.2 11.3 2.5 3.3 34.8 41.1
Province          1115*** 1619***
 Eastern Cape 21.2 30.9 8.2 7.1 8.5 4.6 15.0 2.3 12.8 12.6
 Free State 3.5 3.2 6.6 5.8 4.7 6.4 3.2 6.9 4.8 5.4
 Gauteng 10.5 8.5 8.2 18.3 41.2 40.6 40.4 50.5 21.3 26.4
 KwaZulu Natal 23.2 20.9 28.7 26.2 16 12.3 9.9 10.0 21.7 18.4
 Limpopo 22.4 19.5 15.0 15.4 2.8 3.7 2.9 2.5 12.7 11.4
 Mpumalanga 8.0 6.5 10.4 12.9 3.4 7.0 8.5 3.7 7.5 8.1
 North West 7.8 6.8 13.7 8.1 8.2 6.0 1.3 4.7 9.2 6.6
 Northern Cape 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.2 2.3 5.1 2.1 3.9 1.8 2.7
 Western Cape 2.1 2.6 7.4 4.9 12.9 14.3 16.7 15.5 8.2 8.4
Race          1110*** 1615***
 African 98.4 96.9 95 95.7 77.5 82.9 60.4 49.7 88 85.7
 White 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 8.1 2.0 17.6 23.4 4.0 4.0
 Coloured 1.6 3.0 4.5 4.2 13.0 13.2 15.7 16.7 7.1 8.2
 Indian 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.4 1.8 6.3 10.2 1.0 2.0
Highest education          1111*** 1471***
 No schooling-Gr3 7.1 3.6 5.3 2.5 1.7 1.2 0.2 1.2 4.4 2.3
 Gr4-Gr7 17.8 19.0 10.1 7.9 5.4 4.2 2.8 1.8 10.4 9.2
 Gr8-Gr11 58.3 60.9 51.4 44.0 34.4 40.0 13.8 20.5 45.3 44.4
 Gr12 15.2 16.4 28.6 39.9 44.0 41.6 36.2 44.1 29.7 34.2
 Tertiary 1.7 0.1 4.6 5.7 14.6 13.0 47.0 32.4 10.3 10.0
Employment          1096*** 1589***
 Housewife 26.2 17.0 21.1 11.2 13.8 12.5 11 17.5 19.6 14.2
 Unemployed, not seeking work 9.6 10.9 10.0 7.6 3.4 7.0 2.0 2.3 7.3 7.6
 Unemployed, seeking work 44.0 51.6 33.9 49.2 36.2 35.6 28.1 12.7 37.2 40.7
 Informal sector, self-employed 4.6 0.6 6.0 3.4 6.3 7.2 9.6 7.0 6.0 4.2
 Scholar or student 5.6 11.9 13.3 10.1 5.6 10.1 2.4 4.9 7.7 9.8
 Part employed 6.5 3.6 4.1 5.5 4.0 7.7 4.0 14.2 4.8 6.8
 Full employed 2.4 2.5 10.7 11.1 28.9 18.3 43.0 38.4 16.2 14.7
 Pensioner, sick or disabled 1.2 1.9 1.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 0.1 3.0 1.2 2.0
Marital status          1113** 1601***
 Single 59.3 57.8 64.8 62 55.7 50.2 41.1 36.1 58.4 53.7
 Married/cohabiting 36.5 38.7 32.7 35.6 43.2 48.2 55.0 63.5 38.9 44.1
 Divorced/widow 4.1 3.5 2.5 2.4 1.2 1.6 3.9 0.5 2.7 2.2
  1. Distribution of socio-economic status among population sub-groups in women pregnant in past 2 years: analysis of the 2008 and 2012 national SABSSM survey. Table shows column percentages. P value assesses the distribution of population group across quartiles; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001