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Table 4 Client reports of disrespect and abuse

From: The prevalence of disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in urban Tanzania

Type of Disrespect and Abuse Postpartum Interview
N = 1914
n (%)
Community Follow-Up
N = 64
n (%)
p-value
Any form of disrespect or abuse 278(15) 50(70) <0.001
 Physical abuse 84(5) 33 (52) <0.001
   Kicked 2(0.1) 1(1) 0.03
   Pinched 22(1) 3(5) 0.02
   Slapped 23(1) 17(27) <0.001
   Pushed 12(0.6) 4(6) <0.001
   Beaten 4(0.2) 5(8) <0.001
   Episiotomy without anesthesia 1(0.1) 1(2) <0.001
   Tied to the delivery bed 2(0.1) 0 (0) 0.80
   Other 17(0.9) 9(14) <0.001
 Non-consented care 4(0.2) 3(5) <0.001
   Abdominal Palpation 2(0.1) 0 (0) 0.79
   Vaginal Examination 4(0.2) 1(2) 0.35
   Episiotomy 0(0) 1(1) <0.001
   Other 0 (0) 1(2) <0.001
 Non-confidential care 32(2) 34 (54) <0.001
   Discussed personal issues in earshot of other clients 1(0.1) 1(2) 0.004
   Health information discussed with non-health staff 0(0) 2(3) <0.001
   Other 0(0) 0(0) 0.79
 Lack of Privacy 35(2) 34(53) <0.001
   No screens blocking view during delivery or examination 16(0.8) 29(45) <0.001
   Uncovered during delivery or examination 17(0.9) 31(48) <0.001
 Non-dignified care 121(6) 34(53) <0.001
   Shouted at 35(2) 24(38) <0.001
   Scolded 90(5) 16(25) <0.001
   Threatened to withhold services 1(0.1) 1(2) 0.04
   Called by insulting name 3(0.2) 0(0) 0.71
   Laughed at or scorned 3(0.2) 0(0) 0.71
   Other 12(0.6) 1(2) 0.77
 Abandonment of care 147(8) 33(52) <0.001
   While in Labor 104(5) 22(34) <0.001
   While Delivering 60(3) 12(19) <0.001
   While experiencing a complication 1(0.1) 0(0) 0.79
   After delivery 2(0.1) 0(0) 0.71
   Other 5(0.3) 0(0) 0.64
Detention in facilities 4(0.2) 1(2) 0.17