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Table 2 Logistic regression results for factors associated with attending at least one skilled ANC visit

From: Coverage and timing of antenatal care among poor women in 6 Mesoamerican countries

  Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama El Salvador
Married 0.91 [0.64,1.30] 1.08 [0.66,1.79] 1.10 [0.69,1.74] 0.70 [0.20,2.52] 0.71 [0.37,1.37] 0.97 [0.39,2.41]
Parity (ref: 1st child)
 2nd-3rd child 0.61** [0.46,0.82] 1.10 [0.59,2.06] 1.30 [0.87,1.93] 0.57 [0.21,1.58] 1.18 [0.46,3.04] 0.73 [0.26,2.04]
 4th-5th child 0.62* [0.42,0.91] 0.90 [0.46,1.76] 0.80 [0.54,1.19] 0.62 [0.16,2.35] 1.07 [0.41,2.79] 0.18** [0.05,0.62]
 6th + child 1.06 [0.68,1.67] 0.63 [0.27,1.49] 0.76 [0.49,1.19] 0.24 [0.04,1.38] 0.97 [0.39,2.39] 0.40 [0.07,2.14]
Age (ref: <20)
 20–34 2.41*** [1.66,3.49] 0.96 [0.49,1.89] 1.11 [0.74,1.65] 1.21 [0.33,4.49] 0.86 [0.36,2.05] 1.69 [0.47,6.08]
  > =35 2.42*** [1.52,3.87] 1.25 [0.47,3.38] 1.45 [0.88,2.39] 1.41 [0.32,6.27] 2.43 [0.89,6.69] 1.82 [0.35,9.56]
Education (ref: None)
 Primary 1.89*** [1.41,2.54] 1.86 [0.89,3.88] 1.53** [1.13,2.07] 2.50 [1.00,6.28] 1.92 [1.00,3.70] 1.84 [0.63,5.34]
 Post-primary 2.92*** [2.03,4.21] 4.50** [1.57,12.87] 2.58*** [1.72,3.89] 6.68** [2.04,21.86] 2.24* [1.02,4.89] 1.27 [0.31,5.24]
 Female head of household 0.90 [0.61,1.32] 1.02 [0.62,1.70] 1.39 [0.86,2.27] 0.60 [0.24,1.52] 1.30 [0.68,2.47] 1.66 [0.62,4.45]
 Urban 2.07*** [1.39,3.09] 1.40 [0.68,2.89] 1.17 [0.79,1.72] 1.78 [0.29,10.87] (all rural) 0.99 [0.37,2.67]
Relative household expenditure per capita (ref: 1st quintile)
 2nd quintile 0.96 [0.62,1.49] 0.88 [0.50,1.53] 1.19 [0.85,1.67] 0.49 [0.17,1.41] 1.14 [0.36,3.65] 2.26 [0.83,6.13]
 3rd quintile 1.15 [0.72,1.84] 0.75 [0.39,1.45] 1.27 [0.87,1.84] 0.98 [0.25,3.78] 1.01 [0.35,2.90] 1.35 [0.52,3.56]
 4th quintile 0.97 [0.64,1.45] 1.31 [0.73,2.37] 1.49* [1.05,2.11] 0.31 [0.08,1.23] 0.80 [0.25,2.58] 2.83 [0.96,8.38]
 5th quintile 1.59* [1.02,2.47] 3.35** [1.52,7.37] 2.47*** [1.52,4.02] 0.39 [0.10,1.56] 0.87 [0.27,2.87] 2.96 [0.88,9.97]
 Owns mobile phone 1.37* [1.04,1.81] 1.66* [1.07,2.56] 1.33 [0.93,1.91] 0.93 [0.36,2.42] 1.31 [0.75,2.29] 1.77 [0.79,3.98]
 Pregnancy was wanted 1.03 [0.73,1.47] 0.84 [0.51,1.39] 0.95 [0.68,1.31] 1.62 [0.72,3.62]    0.86 [0.34,2.13]
 Reported vaginal bleeding 1.5 [0.91,2.49] 0.67 [0.33,1.39] 1.37 [0.91,2.07] 1 [1.00,1.00] 0.62 [0.30,1.30] 0.61 [0.16,2.33]
 Previous complications 1 [0.71,1.41] 1.28 [0.75,2.19] 0.89 [0.58,1.37] 1.19 [0.40,3.49] 0.97 [0.40,2.35] 1.94 [0.50,7.57]
 CHW in the past month 0.75 [0.47,1.20] 1.64 [0.86,3.11] 1.44 [0.98,2.10] 0.34 [0.03,3.71] 0.7 [0.25,1.92] 1.37 [0.59,3.18]
 Media in the past week 1.65** [1.20,2.27] 0.56* [0.32,0.97] 0.91 [0.70,1.17] 1.22 [0.49,3.06] 1.21 [0.70,2.08] 0.68 [0.23,2.01]
Time to health facility (ref: <15 min)
 15–<30 min 1.11 [0.80,1.54] 0.9 [0.46,1.77] 1.21 [0.86,1.70] 0.34 [0.06,1.81] 0.77 [0.29,2.08] 0.19* [0.04,0.87]
 30–<60 min 1.26 [0.89,1.79] 0.83 [0.45,1.50] 1.11 [0.74,1.64] 0.36 [0.07,1.92] 1.12 [0.41,3.07] 0.23 [0.05,1.15]
 60+ minutes 0.81 [0.54,1.22] 0.81 [0.46,1.43] 1.29 [0.74,2.25] 0.29 [0.05,1.49] 0.46 [0.20,1.08] 0.22 [0.04,1.09]
 Insured 1.60* [1.09,2.36] 0.83 [0.07,9.69] 1.92*** [1.43,2.57] 0.86 [0.08,8.83] 0.94 [0.29,3.10] 1.08 [0.20,5.75]
Languages spoken in household (ref: Spanish only)
 Spanish and indigenous 0.97 [0.73,1.30]    0.42*** [0.27,0.65] 0.46 [0.07,3.05] 1.64 [0.22,12.26]   
 Indigenous only 0.7 [0.37,1.33]    0.33*** [0.18,0.61]    1.28 [0.16,10.30]   
 Oportunidades      1.52** [1.12,2.07]       
  1. Bold text indicates results that are statistically significant in terms of the following: *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001