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Table 3 Bivariate baseline comparisons between women who initiated breast feeding and those who did not (N = 716)

From: Determinants of breastfeeding initiation and cessation among employed mothers: a prospective cohort study

Demographics and personal characteristics

Initiated breastfeeding (N = 580)

Did not initiate breastfeeding (N = 136)

P-value

Age at delivery, y

   

 Mean (SD)

30.15(5.28)

28.82(5.16)

0.008

Marital Status

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 Married

443(84.5)

81(15.5)

 

 Partnered

94(80.3)

23(19.7)

 

 Single

43(57.3)

32(42.7)

 

Educational Status

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 High School or Less

104(66.2)

53(33.8)

 

 2-year College/Technical

182(79.8)

46(20.2)

 

 College Graduate

214(86.3)

34(13.7)

 

 Graduate School

80(96.4)

3(3.6)

 

Race

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 White

510(82.9)

105(17.1)

 

 Non-White

70(69.3)

31(30.7)

 

Household Income ($)

   

 Mean (SD)

74,510.35(38,687.18)

59,934.49(32,599.82)

<0.001

Occupation

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 Blue Collar

70(69.3)

31(30.7)

 

 Clerical

209(75.5)

68(24.5)

 

 Professional

297(89.5)

35(10.5)

 

Total # hours worked

  

0.454

 Mean (SD)

37.97(8.68)

38.58(7.96)

 

Employer Provides Paid Leave Policy

   

N (%)

  

0.040

 No

119(75.3)

39(24.7)

 

 Yes

455(82.6)

96(17.4)

 

Supervisor Support

   

N (%)

  

0.462

 Somewhat/Strongly Agree

524(81.4)

120(18.6)

 

 Somewhat/Strongly Disagree

56(77.8)

16(22.2)

 

Coworker Support

   

N (%)

  

0.738

 Somewhat/Strongly Agree

569(80.9)

134(19.1)

 

 Somewhat/Strongly Disagree

11(84.6)

2(15.4)

 

Parity Status

   

N (%)

  

0.002

 Multiparous

294(76.8)

89(23.2)

 

 Primiparous

286(85.9)

47(14.1)

 

Had Prenatal Moods

   

N (%)

  

0.886

 Yes

269(80.8)

64(19.2)

 

 No

311(81.2)

72(18.8)

 

Smoked Prenatally

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 Yes

58(59.8)

39(40.2)

 

 No

522(84.3)

97(15.7)

 

Delivery Hospital

   

N (%)

  

0.974

 St. John

262(81.4)

60(18.6)

 

 North Memorial

231(80.8)

55(19.2)

 

 St. Joseph

87(80.6)

21(19.4)

 

Breastfeeding by Family and Friends

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 Yes

519(85.5)

88(14.5)

 

 No

61(56.0)

48(44.0)

 

Had Breastfeeding Problems

   

N (%)

  

<0.001

 Yes

19(50.0)

19(50.0)

 

 No

561(82.7)

117(17.3)

 

Pre-pregnancy health

   

N (%)

  

0.469

 Fair/Poor

13(72.2)

5(27.8)

 

 Good

112(78.9)

30(21.1)

 

 Very Good

250(80.4)

61(19.6)

 

 Excellent

205(83.7)

40(16.3)

 
  1. Note. P-values are presented for chi-square statistics and t-tests; alpha <0.05 was used