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Table 6 Determinants of IPTp use among pregnant women attending ANC in Cross River State

From: Barriers to and determinants of the use of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in Cross River State, Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

Variable Use of SP for the intermittent preventive treatment of malaria (N = 400)
Yes No Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
n (%) n (%) (80 % CI) (95 % CI)
  165 (41.2) 235 (58.8)   
Age group (years)
 15–24 69 (41.8) 118 (50.2) 1 a
 25–34 81 (49.1) 102 (43.4) 1.36 (0.52–3.56)  
 35–49 15 (9.1) 15 (6.4) 1.71 (0.37–7.88)  
Education
 None 7 (4.2) 21 (8.9) 1 1
 Primary 31 (18.8) 56 (23.8) 1.66 (1.00–2.74) 1.72 (0.05–65.40)
 Secondary 97 (58.8) 129 (54.9) 2.26 (0.62–8.22) 1.20 (0.02–61.50)
 Tertiary 30 (18.2) 29 (12.4) 3.10 (2.11–4.57) 1.55 (0.03–82.20)
Occupation
 None 16 (9.7) 62 (26.4) 1 1
 Civil service 37 (22.4) 29 (12.3) 0.40 (0.08–1.98) 0.75 (0.01–11.87)
 Farming 18 (10.9) 35 (14.9) 0.78 (0.24–2.59) 2.72 (0.73–10.23)
 Fishing 4 (2.4) 4 (1.7) 0.20 (0.04–1.17) 0.29 (0.06–13.46)
 Trading 76 (46.1) 82 (34.9) 0.48 (0.07–3.42) 0.57 (0.01–16.73)
 Other 14 (8.5) 23 (9.8) 0.73 (0.59–0.89) 0.88 (0.26–2.99)
Socio-economic status
 Lowest 29 (17.6) 38 (16.2) 1 1
 Middle low 43 (26.1) 48 (20.4) 1.91 (1.21–3.01) 2.19 (0.06–78.02)
 Middle 33 (20.0) 49 (20.9) 1.57 (0.94–2.63) 0.99 (0.10–9.91)
 Middle high 36 (21.8) 44 (18.7) 2.09 (2.05–2.13) 2.82 (0.19–42.87)
 Highest 24 (14.5) 56 (23.8) 1.78 (1.42–2.24) 1.24 (0.04–35.81)
First pregnancy
 No 104 (63.0) 130 (55.3) 1 a
 Yes 61 (37.0) 105 (44.7) 0.73 (0.32–1.65)  
Number of pregnancies
 1 61 (37.0) 105 (44.7) 1 a
 2–4 79 (47.9) 99 (42.1) 1.37 (0.61–3.08)  
  ≥ 5 25 (15.1) 31 (13.2) 1.39 (0.58–3.32)  
Gestational age at registration for ANC
 First trimester 16 (9.7) 16 (6.8) 1 a
 Second trimester 132 (80.0) 187 (79.6) 0.71 (0.27–1.86)  
 Third trimester 17 (10.3) 32 (13.6) 0.53 (0.21–1.37)  
Knowledge of bed nets
 No 101 (61.2) 147 (62.6) 1 a
 Yes 64 (38.8) 88 (37.4) 1.06 (0.45–2.48)  
Knowledge of ITNs
 No 26 (15.8) 76 (32.3) 1 1
 Yes 139 (84.2) 159 (67.7) 2.56 (2.28–2.87) 2.13 (1.70–3.73)
Knowledge of SP-IPTp
 No 9 (5.4) 135 (57.5) 1 1
 Yes 156 (94.6) 100 (42.5) 23.4 (5.1–47.3) 22.13 (8.10–43.20)
Use of bed nets
 No 133 (80.6) 197 (83.8) 1 a
 Yes 32 (19.4) 38 (16.2) 1.25 (0.79–1.96)  
Use of ITNs
 No 144 (87.3) 222 (94.5) 1 1
 Yes 21 (12.7) 13 (5.5) 2.49 (1.83–3.39) 2.38 (1.24–12.31)
  1. aNot included in the final model due to non-significance in the univariate model
  2. Odds ratio were adjusted in the multivariate model for education, occupation, socio-economic status, knowledge of ITNs, knowledge of SP-IPTp and use of ITNs