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Table 1 Number of vaginal fistula (VF) by survey datasets for the following risk factors: literacy status, education level, female genital mutilation (FGM), and short stature (<150 cm)

From: Risk factors for vaginal fistula symptoms in Sub-Saharan Africa: a pooled analysis of national household survey data

Country, Survey, and Year Literate Post-primary education FGM Short Stature
VF (N)/Literate (N) VF (N)/Illiterate (N) VF (N)/Post-primary (N) VF (N)/No Post-primary (N) VF (N)/FGM (N) VF (N)/No FGM (N) VF (N)/Short (N) VF (N)/Tall (N)
Benin DHS 2011-12 36/4182 91/12417 31/3450 96/13149 10/1370 117/15229 12/1115 111/15061
Burkina Faso DHS 2010 6/3063 14/13982 6/2201 14/14854 17/12884 3/4176 0/243 10/8202
Cameroon DHS 2011 32/9212 24/6163 27/7148 29/8271 Not Measured 1/411 25/7473
Chad MICS 2010 6/2334 34/13437 5/1857 35/14000 24/7218 16/8569 Not Measured
Comoros DHS 2012 50/2974 59/2319 49/2761 60/2547 Not Measured 16/590 92/4593
Congo (Brazz.) DHS 2011-12 17/6740 10/4052 14/6299 13/4519 Not Measured 2/513 12/5134
DRC DHS 2007 22/5015 22/4954 19/4107 25/5879 Not Measured 3/782 12/3949
Ethiopia DHS 2005 21/3937 82/10103 10/2650 93/11405 69/10012 32/3603 1/852 44/5798
Guinea DHS 2012 10/1812 52/7306 10/1703 53/7432 63/8935 0/194 4/256 27/4457
Kenya DHS 2008-09 54/5809 24/2609 21/2796 57/5640 19/2539 59/5891 5/569 72/7742
Malawi DHS 2010 59/13471 73/9500 14/4289 118/18721 Not Measured 7/1136 28/6496
Mali DHS 2006 0/1809 18/12730 0/1546 18/13034 18/11740 0/2827 17/13808 17/13808
Mali DHS 2012-13 12/1810 59/8614 9/1689 62/8735 69/9480 2/944 0/138 28/5134
Mauritania DHS 4/3459 3/5537 2/1539 5/7557 4/6702 3/2377 Not Measured
Niger DHS 2006 2/1185 18/7985 1/967 19/8222 2/209 18/8952 0/179 12/4351
Niger DHS 2012 0/1672 16/9432 0/1373 16/9759 1/209 15/10924 0/214 7/4912
Nigeria DHS 2008 55/14345 86/18804 51/13527 91/19790 37/8452 102/24709 20/3853 120/28572
Rwanda DHS 2005 80/3041 84/2332 12/519 152/4867 Not Measured 6/273 66/2422
Senegal DHS 2010-11 3/3983 15/11705 1/2802 17/12886 11/5689 7/9999 0/126 8/5633
Sierra Leone DHS 2013 23/5415 89/11085 22/5206 90/11337 105/14773 6/1760 4/764 46/7185
Swaziland MICS 2010 48/2905 9/395 36/2195 21/1123 Not Measured Not Measured
Tanzania DHS 2010 32/6903 18/3205 7/2360 44/7776 9/1322 42/8807 13/1636 37/8408
Togo MICS 2010 4/2255 19/4108 4/1744 19/4631 0/393 23/5970 Not Measured
Togo DHS 2013-2014 35/3579 58/5874 27/3070 66/6404 6/602 87/8861 2/314 50/4517
Uganda DHS 2006 80/3867 121/4606 27/1823 174/6653 2/61 199/8403 11/248 63/2596
Uganda DHS 2011 76/4298 88/4307 32/2509 132/6097 7/156 156/8423 8/194 51/2493
Zambia DHS 2013-2014 41/9554 49/6774 34/7386 57/9001 Not Measured 12/1677 79/14562
  1. VF = Vaginal Fistula; FGM = Female genital mutilation; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; MICS = Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey
  2. The survey-specific total sample sizes can vary by risk factor depending on the number of missing observations and eligibility criteria