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Table 4 Relationship between maternal social characteristics and psychological distress

From: Stressful events, social health issues and psychological distress in Aboriginal women having a baby in South Australia: implications for antenatal care

    Psychological Distress
  Total Low/Moderate High/Very high   
n Col % n % n % OR 95 % CI
Mother’s age when baby born
 15–19 years 54 16.0 37 68.5 17 31.5 1.8 [0.9,3.7]
 20–24 years 135 40.1 108 80.0 27 20.0 1.0 [ref]
 25–29 years 91 27.0 63 69.2 28 30.8 1.8 [1.0,3.3]
 30+ years 57 16.9 46 80.7 11 19.3 1.0 [0.4,2.1]
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander
 Aboriginal &/or Torres Strait Islander 312 92.6 231 74.0 81 26.0 1.0 [ref]
 Non-Aboriginal 25 7.4 23 92.0 2 8.0 0.2 [0.1,1.1]
Place of residence
 Major city 130 38.6 102 78.5 28 21.5 1.0 [ref]
 Regional 121 35.9 96 79.3 25 20.7 0.9 [0.5,1.7]
 Remote 86 25.5 56 65.1 30 34.9 2.0* [1.1,3.6]
Number of children in family
 One child 141 41.8 110 78.0 31 22.0 1.0 [ref]
 2-3 children 125 37.1 97 77.6 28 22.4 1.0 [0.6,1.8]
 4–10 children 71 21.1 47 66.2 24 33.8 1.8 [1.0,3.4]
Total number of people (adults & children) in household
 1-2 people 18 5.6 16 88.9 2 11.1 1.0 [ref]
 3-4 people 140 43.3 108 77.1 32 22.9 2.4 [0.5,10.9]
 4-5 people 59 18.3 46 78.0 13 22.0 2.3 [0.5,11.1]
 5–14 people 106 32.8 75 70.8 31 29.2 3.3 [0.7,15.2]
Highest educational qualification
 Less than year 12 131 38.9 83 63.4 48 36.6 2.8*** [1.6,4.9]
 Year 12 32 9.5 23 71.9 9 28.1 1.0 [ref]
 Certificate/Traineeship 152 45.1 126 82.9 26 17.1 1.9 [0.8,4.6]
 Diploma/Degree 22 6.5 22 100.0 0 0.0 1.0 [1.0,1.0]
Health care concession card
 No 44 13.2 41 93.2 3 6.8 1.0 [ref]
 Yes 289 86.8 211 73.0 78 27.0 5.1** [1.5,16.8]
Smoked cigarettes in pregnancy
 No 171 51.2 144 84.2 27 15.8 1.0 [ref]
 Yes 163 48.8 108 66.3 55 33.7 2.7*** [1.6,4.6]
Someone to talk to in pregnancy
 Sometimes/No/Didn’t want to talk 103 30.8 65 63.1 38 36.9 1.0 [ref]
 Always 232 69.3 188 81.0 44 19.0 0.4*** [0.2,0.7]
Total 337 100.0 254 75.4 83 24.6   
  1. Denominators vary due to missing values
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001)