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Table 2 Obstetrics characteristics and service use of the study participants (n = 356), Goba District, Bale Zone, South-East Ethiopia, February, 2014

From: Birth preparedness, complication readiness and other determinants of place of delivery among mothers in Goba District, Bale Zone, South East Ethiopia

Variable Place of delivery P-Value*
ID (Cases) HD (Controls)
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Gravidity (number of pregnancies)  
  1 40(33.9) 29(12.2) <0.001
  2-3 50(42.4) 86(36.1)
   ≥ 4 28(23.7) 123(51.7)  
Parity (birth order)  
  1 42(35.6) 29(12.2) <0.001
  2-3 54(45.8) 102(42.9)
   ≥ 4 22(18.6) 107(45.0)
Age at first pregnancy  
   < 20 years 57(48.3) 151(63.4) 0.006
   ≥ 20 years 61(51.7) 87(36.6)
Number of live births  
  1 151(63.4) 34(14.3) <0.001
   ≥ 2 87(36.6) 204(85.7)
Number of abortion  
  0 101(85.6) 192(80.7) 0.252
   ≥ 1 17(14.4) 46(19.3)
Number of still birth  
  0 107(90.7) 218(91.6) 0.772
   ≥ 1 11(9.3) 20(8.4)
ANC in the very latest pregnancy  
  I had ANC 109(92.4) 171(71.8) <0.001
  I had No ANC 9(7.6) 67(28.2)
Gestational age at 1st ANC (n = 280)  
   ≤ 12 weeks 18(15.3) 11(4.6) <0.001
  13-24 weeks 72(61.0) 85(35.7)
   ≥ 25 Weeks 19(16.1) 75(31.5)
Number of ANC visits (n = 280)  
  1-3 visits 41(34.7) 123(51.7) <0.001
   ≥ 4 visits 68(57.6) 48(20.2)
Obstetric complications encountered
  Yes 34(28.8) 24(10.1) <0.001
  No 84(71.2) 214(89.9)  
Decision maker for obstetric service seeking
  Self 35(29.7) 21(8.8) <0.001
  Others (Husband/Relatives) 17(14.4) 54(22.7)
  Me & Husband jointly 66(55.9) 163(68.5)
  1. *p-values were derived from a chi-square test