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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and medical history of the participants with obstetric complications displayed according to maternal outcomes

From: Maternal near misses from two referral hospitals in Uganda: a prospective cohort study on incidence, determinants and prognostic factors

Characteristics Number (percentage) Number (percentage) Number (percentage) Number (percentage) p-value (testing difference in groups)
All patients Maternal deaths Maternal near miss NLTC
Age category      0.447
 18 years or less 256 (8.3) 11 (8.5) 57 (8.2) 188 (8.3)
 19–24 years 1207 (38.9) 48 (36.9) 251 (36.1) 908 (39.9)
 > = 24 years 1637 (52.8) 71 (54.6) 387 (55.7) 1179 (51.7)
Gravidity      <0.001
 1 999 (32.2) 29 (22.3) 184 (26.5) 786 (34.6)
 2–4 1519 (49.0) 62 (47.7) 357 (51.4) 1100 (48.4)
 5 and more 582 (18.8) 39 (30.0) 154 (22.2) 389 (17.1)
Marital status      0.249
 Single 519 (16.7) 23 (17.7) 134 (19.3) 362 (15.9)
 Married 2571 (83.0) 107 (82.3) 560 (80.7) 1904 (83.9)
 Separated 10 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 10 (0.4)
Employment status      0.053
 Formal 304 (9.8) 9 (6.3) 68 (9.8) 228 (10.0)
 Informal 994 (32.1) 39 (30.2) 251 (36.2) 704 (31.0)
 Unemployed 1797 (58.1) 82 (63.6) 376 (56.0) 1343 (59.0)
ΩEducation level      <0.001
 None or primary level 1275 (41.4) 72 (56.3) 309 (44.7) 894 (39.5)
 Secondary level 1472 (47.8) 49 (38.2) 309 (44.7) 1114 (49.3)
 Post-secondary (tertiary) 333 (10.8) 7 (5.5) 75 (10.6) 253 (11.2)
Referral status      0.121
 Referred 2064 (66.7) 97 (74.6) 453 (65.3) 1514 (66.6)
 Not Referred (self-referrals) 1036 (33.3) 33 (25.4) 242 (34.7) 760 (33.4)
Timing of complications      
 Occurred before admission 1189 (53.8) 48 (36.9) 324 (46.6) 817 (35.9) <0.001
 Occurred before arrival and new complications developed 565 (25.6) 46 (27.6) 239 (34.4) 290 (12.8)
 Complications occurred during hospitalized 458 (20.6) 48 (35.4) 132 (18.9) 1168 (51.3)
Admission to the HDU      
 Yes 541 (17.5) 71 (54.6) 464 (66.8) 6 (0.3) 0.750
 No 2559 (82.5) 59 (45.4) 231 (33.2) 2269 (99.7)
  1. Key: NLTC non-life-threatening obstetric complications