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Table 3 Distribution of 2007 causes of death according to data source and percent of maternal death reviews for which malaria, anemia, HIV infection, or any one of the three morbidities contributed to the woman’s condition

From: The triple threat of pregnancy, HIV infection and malaria: reported causes of maternal mortality in two nationwide health facility assessments in Mozambique, 2007 and 2012

  Maternal deaths reported in service statistics Maternal deaths reviewed Malaria Anemia HIV Any 1 of 3
  n % (wt) n % % % % %
Total 2,199 100 712 100 21 14 22 44
Direct causes 1,450 65 528 74 13 13 11 30
 Antepartum hemorrhage 113 5 37 5 5 19 14 30
 Postpartum hemorrhage 129 7 101 14 7 13 10 25
 Severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 230 10 91 13 23 3 13 33
 Prolonged/obstructed labor 158 8 23 13 17 0 4 22
 Uterine rupture 130 5 116 16 3 9 2 13
 Sepsis 101 4 80 11 16 19 21 41
 Ectopic pregnancy 86 3 21 3 14 38 0 43
 Abortion 104 4 50 7 26 24 26 56
 Other direct causes 399 19 9 1 11 11 0 22
Indirect causes 749 35 173 24 49 19 56 89
 Malaria 196 9 52 7 100 14 10 100
 HIV 197 10 76 11 24 15 100 100
 HIV + Malaria - - 10 1 100 10 100 100
 Anemia - - 13 2 15 100 31 100
 Embolism - - 7 1 0 14 0 14
 Other indirect causes 356 17 15 2 13 0 13 13
Causes unknown    11 2 0 9 0 9