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Table 4 Factors associated with lifetime stillbirths, among women interviewed about their lifetime experience of pregnancies in 2012–2013, rural south- western Uganda

From: Adverse pregnancy outcomes in rural Uganda (1996–2013): trends and associated factors from serial cross sectional surveys

  n stillbirths / N pregnancies (%) Unadjusted RR (95 % CI) Adjusted RR (95 % CI)a
Age group   P = 0.27 P < 0.001
 <30 21 / 2209 (1.0 %) 1 1
 30–39 55 / 4589 (1.2 %) 1.25 (0.71–2.19) 2.21 (1.21–4.03)
 40–49 71 / 4669 (1.5 %) 1.58 (0.89–2.80) 3.60 (1.84–7.04)
Ever married   P = 0.11 P = 0.44
 Yes 138 / 11055 (1.2 %) 1 1
 No 9 / 412 (2.2 %) 1.85 (0.87–3.94) 1.35 (0.63–2.89)
Education   P = 0.72 P = 0.29
 None/less than primary 18 / 1128 (1.6 %) 1 1
 Incomplete primary 71 / 5308 (1.3 %) 0.88 (0.36–2.11) 1.05 (0.55–1.99)
 Completed primary 32 / 2551 (1.3 %) 0.82 (0.33–2.04) 0.91 (0.45–1.83)
 Secondary or above 26 / 2480 (1.0 %) 0.66 (0.26–1.70) 0.63 (0.29–1.34)
Village location   P = 0.30 P = 0.33
 Away from main road 106 / 8767 (1.2 %) 1 1
 Along the main road 41 / 2700 (1.5 %) 1.26 (0.81–1.96) 1.23 (0.81–1.86)
Parity   P = 0.004 P < 0.001
 0–4 59 / 2839 (2.1 %) 1 1
 5–9 72 / 6683 (1.1 %) 0.55 (0.36–0.82) 0.35 (0.22–0.56)
  ≥ 10 16 / 1945 (0.8 %) 0.42 (0.22–0.80) 0.21 (0.10–0.43)
Attended antenatal clinicb   P = 0.64 P = 0.48
 Yes 25 / 2099 (1.2 %) 1 1
 No 3 / 361 (0.8 %) 0.74 (0.22–2.55) 0.65 (0.19–2.15)
  1. aAdjusted for age, ever married, education, village location and parity. bAttended antenatal care for a pregnancy in the past 12 months. Restricted to 537 women reporting a pregnancy in the past 12 months