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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Physical activity, depressed mood and pregnancy worries in European obese pregnant women: results from the DALI study

Characteristic Total sample Depressed mooda Good well-beinga
(n = 98) (n = 26) (n = 70)
Country (n)
 Spain 20 5 15
 Austria 27 5 22
 Belgium 16 7 9
 Poland 10 4 6
 Italy 1 0 1
 Ireland 7 1 6
 The Netherlands 17 5 12
Age (mean ± SD) 31.6 ± 5.8 30.6 ± 6.8 32.0 ± 5.5
Pre-pregnancy BMI (mean ± SD) 34.1 ± 4.3 35.0 ± 5.7 33.8 ± 3.7
Weeks of pregnancy (mean ± SD) 15.4 ± 2.8 15.8 ± 2.7 15.4 ± 2.9
Pregnant before (% yes) 54.2 53.8 54.4
Gestational diabetes mellitus (%) 13.5 19.2 11.4
Smoking behaviour (% yes) 10.3 19.2 7.2
Any alcohol consumption (% yes) 6.3 4.0 7.2
Ethnicity (% white/Caucasian) 75.5 61.5* 81.4*
Household composition (% living with partner) 85.3 76.0 88.2
Education (% ≥ vocational education) 81.6 84.6 80.0
Occupational status (%)
 Home duties 5.2 3.8 5.8
 Unemployed/not able to work 17.5 19.2 17.4
 Working (fulltime/part-time)/student 77.3 76.9 76.8
Perceptions and attitudeb (median (IQR))
 Attitude to current weight 8.0 (6–9) 8.0 (6–10) 7.0 (6–9)
 Attitude to physical activity 9.0 (7–10) 10.0 (8–10)* 8.0 (7–10)*
 Self-efficacy 21.0 (17–24.) 21.0 (15–24) 21.0 (17–24)
 Social support 8.0 (6–10) 7.0 (5–8)* 8.5 (6–10)*
 Outcome expectancy 18.0 (15–20) 18.0 (17–20) 17.0 (14–20)
Cambridge Worry Scale (total 13 items) (median (IQR)) 19.0 (11–28) 28.0 (20–40)** 15.0 (10–25)**
Cambridge Worry Scale dimensions (median (IQR))
 Social-medical 5.0 (2–10) 8.5 (4–12)* 4.0 (2–9)*
 Socio-economic 4.0 (1–8) 7.5 (2–10)* 4.0 (1–6)*
 Health 9.0 (5–12) 13.0 (9–15)** 7.0 (4–10)*
 Relationships 0.0 (0–3) 4.0 (0–5)** 0.0 (0–1)**
  1. * P < 0.05; differences between depressed mood and good well-being
  2. ** P < 0.001; differences between depressed mood and good well-being
  3. aData from WHO-5 were missing for 2 participants
  4. bBased on the HAPA model