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Table 5 Within group comparison for the RCT (universal population)

From: Antenatal mindfulness intervention to reduce depression, anxiety and stress: a pilot randomised controlled trial of the MindBabyBody program in an Australian tertiary maternity hospital

  MindBabyBody intervention group (n = 13)* Care as usual group (n = 10)*
  Pre-program M (SD) Post-program M (SD) Within group comparison Pre-program M (SD) Post-program M (SD) Within group comparison
Mean diff (95% CI) t (df) p Mean diff (95% CI) t (df) p
Depression       
CES-D depression 14.42 (10.05) 12.08 (4.17) 2.33 (−4.60, 9.27) 0.74 (11) 0.47 13.70 (8.00) 10.10 (8.72) 3.60 (−1.40, 8.60) 1.62 (9) 0.14
DASS depression 7.23 (6.66) 4.31 (3.64) 2.92 (−1.16, 7.01) 1.56 (12) 0.15 8.00 (11.20) 5.60 (8.32) 2.40 (−1.91, 6.71) 1.26 (9) 0.24
Anxiety           
STAI state anxiety 35.92 (14.11) 32.83 (7.08) 3.08 (−7.02, 13.19) 0.67 (11) 0.52 34.78 (11.51) 33.00 (12.78) 1.78 (6.55, 6.82) 0.81 (8) 0.44
DASS anxiety 8.62 (7.72) 4.62 (3.95) 4.00 (0.69, 7.31) 2.63 (12) 0.02 7.00 (8.34) 4.80 (5.90) 2.2 (−0.92, 5.32) 1.59 (9) 0.15
Stress           
PSS stress 17.92 (7.14) 16.54 (6.12) 1.38 (−4.16, 6.93) 0.54 (12) 0.60 16.90 (7.08) 14.40 (8.41) 2.50 (−1.38, 6.38) 1.46 (9) 0.18
DASS stress 16.15 (11.27) 12.92 (5.01) 3.23 (−3.74, 10.20) 1.01 (12) 0.33 13.40 (10.79) 9.00 (4.92) 4.40 (−2.89, 11.69) 1.37 (9) 0.20
Mindfulness           
Nonreactivity 20.58 (6.73) 21.83 (4.45) −1.25 (−4.89, 2.39) −0.76 (11) 0.47 19.70 (5.25) 19.80 (4.78) −0.10 (−1.83, 1.63) −0.13 (9) 0.90
Observing 24.67 (5.25) 29.92 (4.54) −5.25 (−8.50, −2.00) −3.55 (11) <0.001 24.80 (7.08) 25.50 (7.28) −0.70 (−4.82, 3.42) −0.38 (9) 0.71
Act with awareness 25.75 (5.79) 27.17 (4.00) −1.42 (−4.91, 2.08) −0.90 (11) 0.39 25.90 (6.38) 27.00 (2.98) −1.10 (−4.71, 2.51) −0.69 (9) 0.51
Describing 26.38 (6.79) 28.62 (6.59) −2.23 (−4.16, −0.30) −2.52 (12) 0.03 31.20 (5.18) 31.40 (5.48) −0.20 (−2.33, 1.93) −0.21 (9) 0.84
Nonjudging 25.25 (7.06) 27.58 (5.20) −2.33 (−7.16, 2.49) −1.06 (11) 0.31 24.90 (3.41) 29.80 (5.12) −4.9 (−10.11, 0.31) −2.13 (9) 0.06
Full scale 121.55 (23.65) 134.55 (20.55) −13.0 (−27.79, 1.79) −1.96 (10) 0.07 126.50 (15.77) 133.50 (12.43) −7.0 (−15.53, 1.53) −1.86 (9) 0.10
  1. *Denominators may vary due to missing numbers.
  2. NB, Significant differences are presented in bold.