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Table 4 Changes in teamwork assessment on a 1 (poor) to 10 (excellent) scale over time

From: Team training in obstetric and neonatal emergencies using highly realistic simulation in Mexico: impact on process indicators

  Stage Comparison
Variables** T1 T2 T3 T1 vs. T2 T1 vs. T3 T2 vs. T3
  mean sd mean sd mean sd β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI
Overall teamwork score 3.90 0.70 6.68 0.68 6.94 0.78 2.76* (2.25, 3.27) 2.99* (2.49, 3.49) 0.23 (-0.25, 0.71)
Thinks out loud 3.35 0.88 7.04 0.96 6.79 1.10 3.68* (2.99, 4.36) 3.43* (2.70, 4.11) -0.25 (-0.89, 0.39)
Uses clear and directed communication 2.95 0.64 6.54 0.78 6.73 1.00 3.59* (2.89, 4.28) 3.77* (3.08, 4.47) 0.18 (-0.47, 0.85)
Knows their environment/anticipates the situation. 4.45 1.04 6.58 0.70 6.96 0.99 2.10* (1.36, 2.83) 2.47* (1.74, 3.20) 0.37 (-0.32, 1.07)
Optimal use of human and material resources 4.15 1.27 7.00 1.02 6.96 0.96 2.84* (1.94, 3.74) 2.8* (1.90, 3.70) -0.04 (-0.90, 0.81)
Uses all information to develop and action plan 3.35 1.13 7.08 1.08 6.40 1.09 3.70* (2.83, 4.57) 3.02* (2.14, 3.89) -0.68 (-1.51, 0.14)
Roles are well defined 4.15 1.49 6.41 0.97 7.71 0.66 2.22* (1.41, 3.04) 3.51* (2.71, 4.30) 1.28* (0.51, 2.05)
Leadership 2.65 1.03 5.92 0.73 6.92 0.93 3.26* (2.51, 4.01) 4.26* (3.51, 5.01) 1 (0.28, 1.71)
Distribution of tasks/delegation of activities/mutual support 3.45 1.42 6.50 1.33 6.94 1.60 2.93* (1.98, 3.88) 3.37* (2.41, 4.32) 0.43 (-0.45, 1.33)
Provision of adequate care to patient and family 3.90 1.52 6.42 1.65 6.75 1.52 2.39* (1.77, 3.01) 2.73* (2.11, 3.35) 0.33 (-0.24, 0.91)
  1. **Based on ten key behavioral skills for teams by the Center for Advanced Pediatric and Perinatal Education.
  2. *p- value <0.001.
  3. T1 = Time 1 = End of day one of training Module I.
  4. T2 = Time 2 = End of day two, Module I.
  5. T3 = Time 3 = End of day 3, Module II.