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Table 4 Mean (SD), total costs (€) and differences between both study groups

From: Long-term effectiveness and costs of a brief self-management intervention in women with pregnancy-related low back pain after delivery

  Experimental intervention N = 56 Mean SD Usual Care N = 49 Mean SD Differences between groups Mean 95%CI
Direct Costs 288.7 (248.1) 354.3 (336.9) -65.6 {-180;49}
Indirect costs (without sick leave) 388.6 (864.4) 470.2 (741.8) -81.6 {-397.7;234}
Indirect costs (including sick leave) 3601.6 (8576) 7689.3 (12012.7) -4087.7 {-8501;326.4}
Total costs (without sick leave) 671.2 (978) 7689.3 (12012.7 -4087.7 {-8501;326.4}
Total costs (including sick leave) 3862.6 (8700) 8203.7 (12229.5) -4341.1 {-8850;167.7}
Subgroup baseline score RDQ • 13 N = 32 N = 27  
Total costs (without sick leave) 814.2 (1219.2) 1113.3 (1097.1) -299.1 {-920.1;322}
Total costs (including sick leave) 3902.3 (8887) 8628 (12451.4) -4725.6 {-11082.7;1631}
Subgroup baseline score RDQ < 13 N = 24 N = 22  
Total costs (without sick leave) 486.6 (493.6) 489.4 (649.4) -2.84 {-347.2;341.5}
Toatal costs (including sick leave) 3815.4 (8690.6) 7734.8 (12302) -3919.4 {-10686;1006.3}