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Table 1 Indication Caesarean Section, Number, Mean True Conjugate (standard deviation) and Mean Apgar scores at 5 minutes (standard deviation)

From: Caesarean section in a semi-rural hospital in Northern Namibia

Indication Number (%) True Conjugate Apgar 5
   measured % (cm)  
Dystocia 193 (33.5) 83,4 9.6 (1.0)2 9.3
Repeat Caesarean Section 177 (30.7) 64,4 9.5 (0.9)2 9.6
   - Elective repeat1 132 (22.9)   9.5 (1.0)2 9.6
   - Failed trial of scar 45 (7.8)   9.5 (0.8)3 9.5
Malpresentation 55 (9.5) 76,4 10.1 (0.8) 9.6
Fetal Distress 50 (8.7) 82,0 9.9 (0.8) 8.1 2
Ante Partum Hemorrhage 40 (6.9) 75,0 10.4 (0.6) 7.2 2
Cord Presentation 18 (3.1) 77,8 10.1 (1.1) 7.9 2
Pre eclampsia 9 (1.6) 100 10.3 (0.4) 8.3
Other 34 (5.9) 67,6 10.4 (1.1) 8.5
Total 576 75,3 9.8 (1.0) 9.1
  1. 1 Elective repeat caesarean section (132) including 8 cases where it is unknown if the women was in labor: fetal distress (4), malpresentation (3) and preeclampsia (1).
  2. 2 Significantly smaller (True Conjugate) or lower (Apgar) p < 0.05 compared to all other indications
  3. 3 True conjugate significantly smaller compared to all other indications except fetal distress