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Table 3 Distribution of women with any severe maternal morbidity by age group according to time and mode of pregnancy termination and neonatal outcomes

From: Severe maternal morbidity and maternal near miss in the extremes of reproductive age: results from a national cross- sectional multicenter study

Outcomes 10 – 19 years p-value* 20 – 34 years p-value** 35 – 49 years
Preterm birth <37 weeks (a) 36.5 <0.001 47.3 0.116 49.7
(n) (1,510) (5,444) (1,381)
Mode or pregnancy termination (b)   <0.001   0.037  
 Vaginal birth 27.8 21.7 19.6
 Cesarean section 62.8 65.1 65.2
 Abortion/ectopic 2.7 6.1 7.4
 Still pregnant 6.7 7.0 7.8
(n) (1,701) (6,194) (1,619)
Apgar 5th min <7 (c) 3.8 0.768 3.9 0.863 3.8
(n) (1,430) (4,954) (1,241)
Birth weight <2.500 g (d) 32.4 <0.001 41.0 0.274 42.9
(n) (1,468) (5,147) (1,308)
Neonatal condition at birth (e)   0.014   0.019  
 Live birth 96.8 95.2 93.4
 Stillbirth 3.2 4.7 6.6
(n) (1,499) (5,274) (1,348)
Neonatal outcome (f)   <0.001   0.370  
 Discharge 80.4 74.2 75.2
 Admitted or transferred 17.3 23.0 22.7
 Neonatal death 2.3 2.8 2.1
(n) (1,395) (4,839) (1,212)
  1. (a) 1220 cases excluded (still pregnant, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, or missing GA).
  2. (b) 41 cases excluded (missed information on mode of pregnancy termination).
  3. (c) 1930 cases excluded (still pregnant, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, fetal death, or missing Apgar).
  4. (d) 1632 cases excluded (still pregnant, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, or missing weight).
  5. (e) 1434 cases excluded (still pregnant, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, or missing condition at birth).
  6. (f) 2109 cases excluded (still pregnant, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, or missing neonatal outcome).
  7. *p-values for proportions between adolescent and control groups.
  8. **p-values for proportions between older age and control groups.
  9. Brazil, 2009-2010.