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Table 3 Fistula-like symptoms and related characteristics reported by the study participants attending Screenings in Kebbi State and Cross River State (N = 79)

From: Community-based screening for obstetric fistula in Nigeria: a novel approach

  Kebbi State (N = 50) n(%) Cross River State (N = 29) n(%) TOTAL* (N = 79) n(%)
Duration of the symptoms
 Within the last 12 months 12 (24.0) 3 (10.3) 15 (19.0)
 1–5 years 15 (30.0) 10 (34.5) 25 (31.7)
 More than 5 years 23 (46.0) 16 (55.2) 39 (49.3)
Precipitating event
 After delivery 37 (80.4) 19 (73.1) 56 (77.8)
 After some kind of illness 5 (10.9) 4 (15.4) 9 (12.5)
 Spontaneous/Congenital 2 (4.3) 1 (3.8) 3 (4.2)
 During pregnancy 2 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.8)
 After an operation 0 (0.0) 1 (3.8) 1 (1.4)
 Don’t know 0 (0.0) 1(3.8) 1(1.4)
Delivery
 Normal labor/delivery 4 (10.8) 2 (10.5) 6 (10.7)
 Difficult labor/delivery 33 (89.2) 17 (89.5) 50 (89.3)
Delivery Location
 Home 10 (27.0) 4 (21.1) 14 (25.0)
 Hospital 27 (73.0) 15 (78.9) 42 (75.0)
Arrival time at the facility after onset of labor
 <12 hours 3 (11.1) 4 (26.7) 7 (16.7)
 12–24 hours 13 (48.2) 5 (33.3) 18 (42.9)
 >24 hours 10 (37.0) 6 (40.0) 16 (38.1)
 Don’t know 1 (3.7) 0 (0) 1 (2.3)
C-Section
 No 12 (44.4) 3 (20.0) 15 (35.7)
 Yes 15 (55.6) 12 (80.0) 27 (64.3)
Stillbirth
 No 6 (16.2) 5 (26.3) 11 (19.6)
 Yes 31 (83.8) 14 (73.7) 45 (80.4)
Treatment seeking for fistula-like symptoms
 No 10 (20.0) 9 (31.0) 19 (24.1)
 Yes 40 (80.0) 20 (69.0) 60 (75.9)
Last treatment sought from
 Health care provider 30 (75) 18 (90.0) 48 (80.0)
 Untrained providers 10 (25) 2 (10.0) 12 (20.0)
Success after the latest treatment
 Yes, no more leakage at all 1 (2.5) 3 (15.0) 4 (6.7)
 Yes, but still some leakage** 19 (47.5) 4 (20.0) 23 (38.3)
 Still have problem*** 20 (50.0) 13 (65.0) 34 (55.0)
  1. *Denominators may change depending on the question as certain questions are only asked on depending on the previous responses.
  2. **This refers to women who still report some kind of incontinence after the treatment they received.
  3. ***This refers to women who still have the fistula-like symptoms.