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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical demographic data of the studied groups

From: The relationship between low maternal serum vitamin D levels and glycemic control in gestational diabetes assessed by HbA1c levels: an observational cross-sectional study

  Controls (n = 80) Cases with GDM (n = 80) P-value
Maternal age in years 24.40 +/- 3.77 25.38 +/- 3.83 0.107 (NS)
Pre-pregnancy BMI (Kg/m2) 25.31 +/- 2.39 26.46 +/- 2.95 0.665 (NS)
Parity 1.79 +/- 1.06 1.81 +/- 1.02 0.88 (NS)
Previous history of GDM 5 (6.25%) 29 (36.25%) 0.0001(S)
Family history of type 2 DM 9 (11.25%) 36 (45%) 0.0001(S)
Fasting blood sugar mg/dl 77.05 +/- 7.15 94.05 +/- 14.33 0.000 (S)
25OHD (nmol/L) 46.61 +/- 6.08 47.25 +/- 10.18 0.632 (NS)
HbA1C 4.47 +/- 0.54 4.25 +/- 1.09 0.117 (NS)
Fasting insulin 8.95 +/- 2.52 18.51 +/- 6.44 0.000 (S)
Quicki 0.3518 +/- 0.1784 0.4848 +/- 0.0195 0.000 (S)
  1. 25OHD: 25-hydroxyvitamin D, BMI: body mass index, DM: diabetes mellitus, GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus, NS: not significant, S:significant, OGTT: oral glucose tolerance test, PGL:plasma glucose.