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Table 2 Association between gestational diabetes and the risk of prediabetic stages at the follow-up study

From: Long-term changes in glucose metabolism after gestational diabetes: a double cohort study

  IIFG IIGT IFG + IGT Prediabetes
  (N = 267) (N = 26) (N = 40) (N = 333)
  HR 95% CI P HR 95% CI P HR 95% CI P HR 95% CI P
Model 1 3.1 2.4-4.0 <0.001 7.8 2.9-21.6 <0.001 4.7 2.2-10.0 <0.001 4.0 3.1-5.1 <0.001
Model 2 3.2 2.5-4.3 <0.001 7.8 2.8-21.7 <0.001 3.7 1.7-7.9 0.001 3.8 3.0-4.9 <0.001
Model 3 3.0 2.3-4.0 <0.001 7.7 2.7-21.4 <0.001 3.5 1.6-7.6 0.001 3.6 2.8-4.6 <0.001
Model 4 3.1 2.4-4.1 <0.001 7.6 2.7-21.3 <0.001 3.1 1.4-6.9 0.004 3.7 2.8-4.7 <0.001
  1. Cox proportional hazard model comparing the association of GDM with prediabetic stages vs NGT. IIFG, isolated impaired fasting glucose, IIGT, isolated impaired glucose tolerance, IFG + IGT, combined impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance; HR, Hazard ratio: CI, confidence interval. P-values < 0.05 are indicated in bold font.
  2. Model 1: unadjusted.
  3. Model 2: Adjusted for age, BMI.
  4. Model 3: Adjusted for age, BMI, parity.
  5. Model 4: Adjusted with age, BMI, parity, smoking, physical activity.