Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants (N = 206)

From: Antenatal health promotion via short message service at a Midwife Obstetrics Unit in South Africa: a mixed methods study

  Intervention (n = 102) Control (n = 104) p-value
  Mean or n (SD or%)  
Age (mean) 27.61 (5.76) 26.28 (5.77) 0.072
Marital status (n) 0.945
Married 42 (41.18) 45 (43.27)  
Single living with family 43 (42.16) 39 (37.50)  
Single living with partner 14 (13.73) 16 (15.38)  
Single living with people not family 3 (2.94) 3 (50.00)  
Widow 0 (0.00) 1 (2.88)  
Employment status (n) 0.485
Employed 48 (47.06) 54 (51.92)  
Unemployed 54 (52.94) 50 (48.08)  
Monthly income (n) 0.677
None 45 (44.11) 46 (44.23)  
Social grant 6 (5.88) 3 (2.88)  
< R4000 44 (43.14) 49 (47.12)  
R4000 - R10000 7 (6.86) 5 (4.81)  
> R10000 (US$1 = R8.20 in 2012) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.96)  
Education (n) 0.456
Primary school 1 (0.98) 2 (1.92)  
Some high school 55 (53.92) 56 (53.85)  
Diploma 3 (2.94) 0 (0.00)  
Completed high school 43 (42.16) 46 (44.23)  
Weeks pregnant (n) 0.782
1st trimester 35 (34.31) 32 (30.77)  
2nd trimester 67 (65.69) 72 (69.23)  
Number of children (n) 0.091
0 24 (23.53) 39 (37.50)  
1 - 2 66 (64.71) 56 (53.85)  
> = 3 12 (11.76) 9 (8.65)  
Language chosen (n) 0.908
English 82 (80.39) 86 (82.69)  
Afrikaans 7 (6.86) 6 (5.77)  
Xhosa 13 (12.75) 12 (11.54)