Skip to main content

Table 3 EAR, average intake and% of inadequacy (with their respective 95% Confidence Interval) among pregnant, lactating and reproductive-age women

From: Brazilian pregnant and lactating women do not change their food intake to meet nutritional goals

Nutrients EAR (mg) Mean (mg)* 95% CI % inadequacy 95% CI
Vitamin A      
  Pregnant women 550 471.6 390.4; 552.7 71.0 61.2; 80.8
  Lactating women 900 398.4 353.3; 443.5 95.0 93.0; 96.9
  Reproductive-age women 500 415.7 393.4; 437.4 72.0 70.0; 73.9
Vitamin C      
  Pregnant women 70 133.1 100.4; 165.8 40.0 28.2; 51.7
  Lactating women 100 127.5 106.1; 148.9 56.0 48.1; 63.8
  Reproductive-age women 60 126.4 118.7; 134.0 37.0 35.0; 38.9
Vitamin B6      
  Pregnant women 1.6 1.5 1.3; 1.7 59.0 43.3; 74.6
  Lactating women 1.7 1.4 1.4;1.4 75.0 71.0; 78.9
  Reproductive-age women 1.1 1.4 1.4; 1.4 33.0 31.0; 34.9
Vitamin B12      
  Pregnant women 2.2 5.7 4.1; 7.2 6.0 1.8; 13.8
  Lactating women 2.4 4.5 3.5; 5.5 19.0 7.2; 30.7
  Reproductive-age women 2.0 4.3 4.1; 4.5 12.0 10.0; 13.9
Calcium      
  Pregnant women 800 573.3 421.9; 724.6 82.0 68.2; 95.7
  Lactating women 800 461.2 431.6; 490.8 92.0 90.0; 93.9
  Reproductive-age women 800 477.3 467.9; 486.7 91.0 89.9; 92.9
Iron      
  Pregnant women 22 11.2 9.2; 13.2 97.0 -
  Lactating Women 6.5 10.5 9.7; 11.3 15.7 -
  Reproductive-age women 8.1 10.3 10.1; 10.5 28.0 -
Zinc      
  Pregnant women 9.5 11.6 9.2; 13.9 35.0 11.4; 58.5
  Lactating women 10.4 9.6 7.6; 11.2 64.0 44.4; 83.6
  Reproductive-age women 6.8 10.1 9.9; 10.3 20.0 20.0; 20.0
Folate      
  Pregnant women 520 405.1 364.7; 445.5 78.0 70,2; 85.8
  Lactating women 450 379.1 357.5; 400.7 72.0 66.1; 77.9
 Reproductive-age women 320 375.2 358.5; 391.9 40.0 36.0; 43.9
  1. EAR- Estimated Average Requirement.
  2. *Except for Vitamin A (μg RAE) and Folate (mcg DFE).