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Table 3 Maternal characteristics and specified pregnancy outcomes in relation to categories of universal and selective screening regimes for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between 2011 and 2012

From: No consensus on gestational diabetes mellitus screening regimes in Sweden: pregnancy outcomes in relation to different screening regimes 2011 to 2012, a cross-sectional study

Variables Maternal age (years) Maternal BMIa Birth weight (grams) LGAb LGA/non LGA SGAc SGA/non LGA
  Mean Mean Mean n (%) p-value   p-value
Universal screening 10.0 mmol/L d     890 (4.4)   478 (2.4)  
GDM 31.58 27.63 3540 46 (10.5) <0.001 17 (3.9) 0.121
Non GDM 29.98 24.98 3533 844 (4.3)   59 (2.3)  
Selective screening 8.9 mmol/L d     382 (4.7)   218 (2.7)  
GDM 31.67 28.27 3567 25 (10.4) <0.001 7 (2.9) 0.588
Non GDM 29.72 24.89 3555 352 (4.4)   210 (2.6)  
Selective screening 10.0 mmol/L d     4375 (4.3)   2586 (2.5)  
GDM 31.71 29.22 3636 215 (14.9) <0.001 19 (1.3) 0.063
Non GDM 29.77 24.98 3534 4184 (4.1)   2561 (2.5)  
Selective screening 12.2 mmol/L d     1903 (4.0)   1289 (2.7)  
GDM 32.94 27.98 3610 84 (20.6) <0.001 14 (3.8) 0.058
Non GDM 31.39 24.08 3506 1819 (3.9)   1273 (2.7)  
  1. aBody mass index (BMI) kg/m2.
  2. bLarge for gestational age (LGA).
  3. cSmall for gestational age (SGA).
  4. dOGTT 2-hour cut-off value.