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Table 3 Maternal and neonatal bacterial culture results

From: A comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes between water immersion during labor and conventional labor and delivery

  Maternal vaginal swab 24 h after delivery Neonatal oral swab
  Water immersion (n = 33) Conventional labor (n = 47) p-value Water immersion (n = 33) Conventional labor (n = 47) p-value
Total positive 5 7 1.000 1 2 1.000
Gram-positive bacilli 2 (6.1) 3 (6.4)   0 (0) 2 (4.3)  
Streptococcus agalactiae 1 (3.0) 0 (0)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Escherichia coli/Enterococcus faecalis 1 (3.0) 0 (0)   1 (3.0) 0 (0)  
Fungi 1 (3.0) 2 (4.3)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Staphylococcus lugdunensis 0 (0) 1 (2.1)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Group B Streptococcus 0 (0) 1 (2.1)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
  1. Data were summarized as number (percentage).