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Table 2 Diastolic and systolic function in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia

From: Ultrasound study of carotid and cardiac remodeling and cardiac-arterial coupling in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case control study

Parameters Normal pregnancy Preeclampsia P-values
(n = 40) (n = 23)
Left heart size    
LA size, mm 32.1 ± 3.1 35.1 ± 4.7 0.0034
LVEDD, mm 44.2 ± 3.1 46.0 ± 5.3 0.0913
Diastolic function    
E wave, cm/s 83.9 ± 15.1 93.0 ± 31.6 0.1361
A wave, cm/s 61.6 ± 14.2 75.7 ± 17.2 0.0011
E/A ratio 1.41 ± 0.31 1.24 ± 0.36 0.0658
Septal e wave, cm/s 13.8 ± 2.2 10.3 ± 3.4 <0.00001
Septal a wave, cm/s 12.0 ± 3.0 11.9 ± 3.2 0.8682
Septal e/a ratio 1.20 ± 0.28 0.90 ± 0.38 0.0007
Lateral e wave, cm/s 17.8 ± 2.9 14.3 ± 3.8 0.0001
Lateral a wave, cm/s 12.1 ± 3.3 12.6 ± 2.0 0.4946
Lateral e/a ratio 1.58 ± 0.49 1.15 ± 0.38 0.0010
Septal E/e ratio 6.06 ± 1.92 9.95 ± 4.39 <0.00001
Lateral E/e ratio 4.75 ± 1.56 6.77 ± 2.28 <0.00001
Systolic function    
Ejection fraction 0.66 ± 0.05 0.68 ± 0.10 0.2561
Fractional shortening (%) 36.6 ± 5.0 38.4 ± 8.2 0.2848
  1. Notes: LA, left atrium; LVEDD, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension; E and A, transmitral flow velocity during early diastole and atrial contraction; e and a, mitral annular tissue velocities during early and late diastole.