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Table 1 Characteristics of study population based on immigrant versus Canadian born status

From: Depressive symptoms among immigrant and Canadian born mothers of preterm infants at neonatal intensive care discharge: a cross sectional study

  Immigrant
N = 107
Canadian Born
N = 184
Variable Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Maternal Characteristics   
Mean maternal age, years a 33.28 (5.76) 31.64 (5.92)
  Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Single parent 10 (9.4) 13 (7.1)
First time parent 63 (59.4) 114 (62.0)
Employed at time of delivery 91 (85.0) 157 (85.8)
Education b   
No high school diploma 7 (6.7) 13 (7.1)
High school graduate or some college 31 (29.5) 54 (29.3)
College or university graduate 67 (63.8) 117 (63.6)
Income adequacy c   
Low 5 (4.9) 5 (2.8)
Lower middle 9 (8.8) 18 (9.9)
Middle 31 (30.4) 24 (13.3)
Upper middle 24 (23.5) 50 (27.6)
High 33 (32.4) 84 (46.4)
English as 1st language in the home 60 (56.1) 180 (97.8)
Infant Characteristics Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Mean gestational age, weeks 27.91 (3.22) 28.62 (3.32)
Mean birth weight, grams 1034.22 (472.74) 1194.92 (641.58)
Median SNAP-II score (IQR) 9 (17) 7 (14)
Gestational age by preterm categories Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Extremely preterm, < 28 weeks GA 61 (57.0) 75 (40.8)
Very preterm, 28 to <32 weeks GA 31 (29.0) 72 (39.1)
Moderate/late preterm, 32 to < 36 weeks GA 15 (14.0) 37 (20.1)
Male 52 (48.6) 86 (46.7)
Multiples (e.g., twins or triplets) 12 (11.2) 27 (14.7)
  1. Note: Income adequacy based on annual household income and number of persons in the home
  2. SNAP-II = Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II; IQR = Interquartile range
  3. a Four missing data (2 immigrant, 2 Canadian born)
  4. b Two missing data (2 immigrant, 0 Canadian born)
  5. c Eight missing data (5 immigrant, 3 Canadian born)