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Table 2 Characteristics of pregnant women and median knowledge score per infectious disease; N = 1,097

From: Observational study to assess pregnant women’s knowledge and behaviour to prevent toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus

  Total Toxoplasmosis Listeriosis CMV
Determinants N*(%) Median knowledge score2 p-value3 Median knowledge score2 p-value3 Median knowledge score2 p-value3
Age        
17-25 year 148 (13.5) 4.0 0.27 1.0 .000* 0.0 .40
26-34 year 761 (69.4) 4.0 2.0 0.0
35-42 year 188 (17.1) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Education1        
Low 116 (10.6) 3.0 .000* 1.0 .000* 0.0 .53
Medium 356 (32.5) 4.0 1.0 0.0
High 624 (56.9) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Other nationality 34 (3.1) 3.0 .72 2.0 .24 0.0 .004*
Dutch nationality 1061 (96.9) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Dutch spoken at home 1073 (97.9) 4.0 .99 2.0 .60 0.0 .05*
Other language than Dutch spoken at home 23 (2.1) 3.0 2.0 0.0
Not living in a deprived area 1062 (96.8) 4.0 .64 2.0 .48 0.0 .09
Living in a deprived area 25 (3.2) 3.0 1.5 0.0
Planned pregnancy 931 (85.3) 4.0 .00** 2.0 .005* 0.0 .78
Unplanned pregnancy 161 (14.7) 3.0 1.0 0.0
Partner/married 1084 (98.9) 4.0 .001* 2.0 .008* 0.0 .29
Single 12 (1.1) 0.0 0.0 0.0
1st en 2nd phase of pregnancy 462 (42.1) 4.0 .19 2.0 .16 0.0 .74
3th phase of pregnancy 635 (57.9) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Primigravidae 409 (37.8) 4.0 .95 2.0 .044* 0.0 .53
Multigravidae 672 (62.2) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Did take folic acid in 1st trimester 1039 (95.1) 4.0 .09 2.0 .22 0.0 .25
Did not take folic acid in 1st trimester 53 (4.9) 3.0 1.0 0.0
Did not smoke during pregnancy 1026 (94.0) 4.0 .002* 2.0 .000* 0.0 .53
Smoked during pregnancy 66 (6.0) 3.0 1.0 0.0
Never worked as a health care professional 710 (64.8) 3.0 .000* 1.0 .000* 0.0 .000*
Ever worked as a health care professional 386 (35.2) 4.0 2.0 0.0
Never worked as a child day care worker 959 (87.5) 4.0 .35 2.0 .71 0.0 .59
Ever worked as a child day care worker 137 (12.5) 3.5 1.5 0.0
  1. * Denominator varies due to missing values (between 0 and 10 missings per variable).
  2. 1 Low level of education: medium- level secondary education or below; medium level of education: higher level secondary education or vocational education; high level of education: diploma level or university education.
  3. 2 Maximum possible scores: toxoplasmosis = 6; listeriosis = 3; CMV = 3.
  4. 3 Differences in knowledge scores per characteristic (Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test).